Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
San Clemente, California
- This article is about a city in Orange County. For the Channel Island, see San Clemente Island.
San Clemente is a city located in Orange County, California. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 49,936. San Clemente is the southernmost city in the county, six miles south of San Juan Capistrano.
Prior to the arrival of the Spanish, the area was inhabited by what came to be known as the Juaneño Indians. After the founding of the Mission San Juan Capistrano, the local natives were conscripted to work for the mission.
The city of San Clemente was founded in 1925 by real estate developer Ole Hanson who named it for San Clemente Island and envisioned it as a Spanish-style coastal resort. In an unprecedented move, he had a clause added to the deeds requiring all building plans to be submitted to an architectural review board. It was incorporated in 1928 with a council-manager government.
In 1968 President Richard Nixon bought one of the original homes, which had been built by one of Hanson's partners. Nixon called it "Casa Pacifica", but it was nicknamed "The Western White House." During his tenure it was visited by both world leaders and croneys, including Soviet Premier Leonid Brezhnev, Mexican President Gustavo Díaz Ordaz, Japanese Prime Minister Eisaku Sato, Henry Kissinger, and Bebe Rebozo. Following his resignation, Nixon retired to San Clemente to write his memoirs. He later sold the home and moved to New Jersey.
San Clemente is located at 33°26'16" North, 117°37'13" West (33.437828, -117.620397).
As of the census2 of 2000, there are 49,936 people, 19,395 households, and 13,014 families residing in the city. The population density is 1,094.2/km² (2,833.4/mi²). There are 20,653 housing units at an average density of 452.6/km² (1,171.8/mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 87.92% White, 0.77% African American, 0.61% Native American, 2.64% Asian, 0.14% Pacific Islander, 5.11% from other races, and 2.81% from two or more races. 15.89% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 19,395 households out of which 30.9% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.6% are married couples living together, 7.8% have a female householder with no husband present, and 32.9% are non-families. 23.4% of all households are made up of individuals and 7.8% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.56 and the average family size is 3.05.
In the city the population is spread out with 24.1% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 31.5% from 25 to 44, 24.1% from 45 to 64, and 13.1% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 38 years. For every 100 females there are 102.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 100.9 males.
The median income for a household in the city is $63,507, and the median income for a family is $76,261. Males have a median income of $51,551 versus $36,528 for females. The per capita income for the city is $34,169. 7.6% of the population and 4.6% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 10.6% of those under the age of 18 and 3.2% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.
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