Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Sanford is located at 28°47'36" North, 81°16'36" West (28.793270, -81.276561)1.
As of the census2 of 2000, there are 38,291 people, 14,237 households, and 9,168 families residing in the city. The population density is 773.6/km² (2,004.1/mi²). There are 15,623 housing units at an average density of 315.7/km² (817.7/mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 59.73% White, 32.14% African American, 0.45% Native American, 1.05% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 4.25% from other races, and 2.31% from two or more races. 10.38% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 14,237 households out of which 31.8% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.5% are married couples living together, 19.2% have a female householder with no husband present, and 35.6% are non-families. 27.0% of all households are made up of individuals and 9.6% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.57 and the average family size is 3.13.
In the city the population is spread out with 26.8% under the age of 18, 10.7% from 18 to 24, 32.5% from 25 to 44, 19.4% from 45 to 64, and 10.5% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 32 years. For every 100 females there are 99.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 96.9 males.
The median income for a household in the city is $31,163, and the median income for a family is $36,687. Males have a median income of $28,101 versus $21,723 for females. The per capita income for the city is $15,219. 17.8% of the population and 13.2% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 24.4% of those under the age of 18 and 13.1% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.
While once a hub for Central Florida transportation with its port on the St. Johns River, Sanford is now home to the Orlando Sanford International Airport, which also has some traffic from Orlando, Florida, and the southern end of the Auto Train, which connects Eastern Seaboard travelers and their vehicles to the Washington, D.C./Mid-Atlantic region.
Sanford sits along the northern end of the I-4 Corridor between Daytona Beach and Orlando. The Central Florida GreeneWay begins in Sanford and forms the Eastern Beltway around Orlando ending at Walt Disney World. When it opened it was the most expensive toll road in the United States costing $5 one way end-to-end.
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