Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Saratoga is a city located in Santa Clara County, California. It is located on the west side of the Santa Clara Valley, in the San Francisco Bay Area. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 29,843.
The first European settlement of what is now Saratoga occurred in 1848, when William Campbell constructed a sawmill about 2.5 miles SE of the present downtown area. An early map noted the area as Campbell's Gap. In 1851, Martin McCarty, who had leased the mill, built a toll road down to the Santa Clara Valley. The toll gate was located at the present day intersection of Big Basin Way and 3rd St., giving the town its first widely used name: Toll Gate. In 1855 the town received a post office under the name of McCartysville.
Industry soon sprung up: at its height the town had a furniture factory, grist mill, tannery, and a paper factory. To commemorate this newfound productivity, the town was renamed yet again in 1863, this time as Bank Mills. Shortly after this, however, a spring was discovered which had a mineral content similar to the springs at Saratoga Springs, New York. In 1865, the town received its final name, Saratoga. At the same time, a resort hotel was constructed at the springs, and it attracted tourists to the area until it burned down in 1903.
Saratoga then became quietly agricultural, along with much of the rest of the valley. A few vineyards and orchards from this period remain today. After World War II, the town quickly became urbanized, and it incorporated in 1956, partially to avoid being annexed to San Jose. Today it serves as a bedroom community for middle and upper class Silicon Valley tech workers.
As of the census2 of 2000, there are 29,843 people, 10,450 households, and 8,600 families residing in the city. The population density is 951.5/km² (2,465.3/mi²). There are 10,649 housing units at an average density of 339.5/km² (879.7/mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 67.39% White, 0.39% African American, 0.15% Native American, 29.08% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 0.57% from other races, and 2.33% from two or more races. 3.14% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 10,450 households out of which 38.7% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 75.0% are married couples living together, 4.9% have a female householder with no husband present, and 17.7% are non-families. 14.3% of all households are made up of individuals and 7.6% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.83 and the average family size is 3.13.
In the city the population is spread out with 26.0% under the age of 18, 4.0% from 18 to 24, 23.8% from 25 to 44, 29.9% from 45 to 64, and 16.3% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 43 years. For every 100 females there are 96.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 92.6 males.
The median income for a household in the city is $139,895, and the median income for a family is $155,246. Males have a median income of $0 versus $66,240 for females. The per capita income for the city is $65,400. 2.8% of the population and 1.8% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 3.2% of those under the age of 18 and 2.6% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.
- Aegis Gallery of Fine Art
- Cooper-Garrod Estate Vineyards
- Hakone Gardens, a Japanese tea garden
- Madronia Cemetery , final resting place of Mary Ann Day Brown
- The Mountain Winery
- Saratoga Historical Museum
- Villa Montalvo and Villa Montalvo Arboretum, home of the Montalvo Center for the Arts
- Youth Science Institute Sanborn Discovery Center
- Argonaut Elementary School
- Blue Hills Elementary School
- Foothill Elementary School
- Saratoga Elementary School (Oak St. School)
- Redwood Middle School
- Challenger School (private)
- St. Andrew's School (private)
- Sacred Heart Elementary School (private)
- Prospect High School
- Saratoga High School
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