Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
The term satellite state, by analogy to stellar objects orbiting a larger object, such as planets revolving around the sun, refers to a country that is formally sovereign but that is in fact dominated by a larger hegemonic power. In extreme cases, satellite countries may be virtual colonies with little political, economic or military independence.
The expression is used by some to describe the Central and Eastern European countries of the Warsaw pact during the Cold War, which were influenced by Soviet Union (from 1945-1948 until 1989). Cuba was also accused of being a Soviet satellite once it began to receive economic and military aid from the Soviets. The Eastern bloc did not accept this description and presented itself as a group of independent and equal countries.
The expression has also been used to describe states within the United States sphere of influence that are in NATO such as Italy, France and West Germany, as well as Latin American satellite states like El Salvador and Panama and Asian satellites like the Philippines
- Puppet government
- 1956 Hungarian Revolution
- Prague Spring
- Brezhnev Doctrine
- Sinatra Doctrine
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