Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Satun (Thai สตูล) is one of the southern provinces (changwat) of Thailand. Neighboring provinces are (from north clockwise) Trang, Phattalung and Songkhla. To the south it borders Malaysia. The name Satun is a Thai corruption of the Malay Setul, meaning mangosteen tree.
The province is located on the Malay Peninsula, on the shore of the Andaman Sea. The Ko Tarutao (Malay Pulau Tertua) and Ko Phetra (Pulau Petra) marine national parks are part of the province. Close to the border with Malaysia is the Thale Ban national park, a big freshwater swamp area.
Until 1813 Satun was a district of the Malayan state of Kedah, then known as Mukim Setul. With the Anglo-Siamese contract of 1909 Kedah was split between the English and Thailand, and due to a large Siamese population Satun went to Thailand. It was at first administrated as part of the monthon Phuket, which in 1925 was included into monthon Nakhon Si Thammarat. In 1933 the monthon were dissolved and the province became a first-level subdivision of Thailand.
Because region of Satun belonged to Kedah Sultanate which had a strong relationship with Ayutthaya as well as with Siam of the Chakri dynasty traditionally, its population of Malay muslims commonly marries with Thai Buddhists without serious religious hesitation. This custom created an ethnic group known as Samsam , meaning mixed person.
- Pattani United Liberation Organization (Barisan Pembebasan Patani Bersatu)
- Pattani Separatism
- Province page from the Tourist Authority of Thailand
- Golden Jubilee Network province guide
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