Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
|pop. density:||126 inh./km²|
|Minister-President:||Wolfgang Böhmer (CDU)|
|Ruling party:||CDU/FDP coalition|
With an area of 20,447 km² and a population of 2.6 million, Saxony-Anhalt (also spelled Saxony Anhalt; German Sachsen-Anhalt) is one sixteen German Bundesländer (federal states.) The capital is Magdeburg.
Lying to the north-east of central Germany, it is eighth largest in area and (since 1996) tenth in population among the country's sixteen Bundesländer. It borders on the states of Lower Saxony to the north-west, Brandenburg to the east, Saxony to the south-east and Thuringia to the south-west.
Most of the state is plain and agriculturally used, but in the south-west there is the eastern part of the Harz mountains. The main river of Saxony-Anhalt is the Elbe, running through the state from southeast to northwest. The second largest river, the Saale, is a tributary of the Elbe.
See also List of places in Saxony-Anhalt.
Saxony-Anhalt is divided into 21 (rural) counties (Landkreise),
and three independent cities (Stadkreise),
From 1990 to 2003 Saxony-Anhalt was divided into three districts (Regierungsbezirke) - Dessau, Halle and Magdeburg. On January 1, 2004 these three districts were abolished, and the 24 counties have since constituted the primary divisions of the state.
The state was created in 1990, shortly before German reunification, covering much the same area as an earlier unit (1947-52) comprising the former Anhalt, the former Prussian Province of Saxony and some small exclaves of the former Brunswick-Lüneburg. The state and its larger cities have lost population since 1989 with migration to the former West Germany.
List of minister presidents of Saxony-Anhalt
- 1945 - 1949: Erhard Hübener (LDPD)
- 1949 - 1952: Werner Bruschke (SED)
- 1990 - 1991: Gerd Gies (CDU)
- 1991 - 1993: Werner Münch (CDU)
- 1993 - 1994: Christoph Bergner (CDU)
- 1994 - 2002: Reinhard Höppner (SPD)
- since 2002: Wolfgang Böhmer (CDU)
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