Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Science and technology in Israel
Israeli contributions to science and technology have been significant, even strangely out of proportion for a country of roughly six million with continuous security challenges. Since the establishment of the State of Israel, Israel has pioneered work in science and engineering, compensating a small national budget with creativity and imagination. Israeli scienctists have contributed in the areas of genetics, medicine, agriculture, computer sciences, electronics, optics, engineering and other high-tech industries.
Note: this article is about the exact sciences, natural sciences, and engineering.
Israeli science is particularly well known for its military technology, from simple submachine guns like the Uzi, ranging to advanced anti-ballistic defence systems - like the Arrow. Moreover, Israel is among the small group of nations in the world that have the capability to launch satellites into orbit (the others include the USA, Russia, Europe mainly through the common European space agency [ESA], the People's Republic of China, Japan, and India).
As a dry land, Israel has pioneered in advanced agricultural technology such as water-conserving irrigation methods, salinity research, enriched compost, and enhanced genetic engineered crops. Dry lands which have peace with Israel have received aid from and/or collaborated with Israeli experts in order to improve desert agriculture and produce more food. Israel has a world-wide reputation in this area.
Israel also has a high reputation in theoretical physics. Israeli physicists tend to deal more with theoretical and conceptual aspects of physics, especially in questions of time and space, and the paradoxes and strange phenomena of quantum mechanics.
Israel is also known for its well-developed and revolutionary medicine. Israel medical researchers and surgeons have worldwide reputation, in searching for new cures as well in high technology and reliability. Recently, a group of researchers from the Weizmann Institute developed a molecular bio-computer that may help cure cancer.
- The Hebrew University, Jerusalem
- Technion, Haifa
- Tel Aviv University
- Ben-Gurion University of the Negev
- Bar-Ilan University
- Vulcani Agricultural Institute , Rishon LeZion.
- Weizmann Institute, Rehovot
High Tech companies
Famous Israeli scientists
Nobel Prize Winners
Three Israelis have won science Nobel Prizes. Biologists Avram Hershko and Aaron Ciechanover of the Technion shared the Chemistry prize in 2004. Israeli-American psychologist Daniel Kahneman had previously won the 2002 prize in Economics.
Additionally, 1958 Medicine laureate Joshua Lederberg was born to Jewish Palestinian parents, while 2004 Physics laureate David Gross partly grew up in Israel, where he obtained his undergraduate degree.
Prominent scientists are listed in List of Israelis. For a more comprehensive listing, see List of Israeli scientists .
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