Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Scott is a lunar impact crater near the south pole of the Moon. Its location close to the lunar limb hinders observation of this formation, both from the foreshortening of the crater as seen from Earth and from the limited sunlight that enters the basin. In fact the northern end of this crater is in near perpetual darkness, and has not been mapped in detail. Scott lies between the similar-dimensioned Amundsen crater to the southeast and Schomberger crater to the northwest. Just to the northeast is the Demonax crater.
The rim of this crater has been heavily eroded and the features are worn and irregular, although the crater basin remains roughly circular. There are several crater formations attached to the west and northwest outer rim, the most well-formed of which is the satellite crater 'Scott E'. There is also small crater along the southeast inner wall, and several tiny craterlets across the inner floor. The interior surface is rougher at the south end, and grows smoother and flatter toward the shadow-cloaked north end. There is no central peak at the crater mid-point.
The placement of the Scott crater, both in relation to the Amundsen crater and the lunar south pole, can be assumed to pertain to the story of explorers Roald Amundsen and Robert Falcon Scott, about their race against each other for the south pole.
By convention these features are identified on Lunar maps by placing the letter on the side of the crater mid-point that is closest to Scott crater.
|E||81.1° S||35.5° E||28 km|
|M||84.3° S||39.7° E||16 km|
The following craters have been renamed by the IAU.
- Scott A — See Nobile crater.
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