Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art
The Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art in Edinburgh, Scotland, holds the national collection of Modern art. When opened in 1960, the collection was held in Inverleith House, at the Royal Botanic Gardens. It moved to its current home in 1980, a Neo Classical building in the west of Edinburgh, near the Water of Leith, originally built as John Watson's Hospital in 1825-1828 by William Burn.
The Sculpture garden to the front of the building contains work by Henry Moore, Rachel Whiteread, Tony Cragg and Barbara Hepworth. In 2002 the front lawn was converted into the giant "Landform" sculpture by Charles Jencks, in collaboration with Terry Farrell. The sculpture is said to be inspired by chaos theory or Seurat's La Grand Jatte. In 2004 the gallery won the £100,000 Gulbenkian Museum Prize for the Landform.
The collection includes work by Picasso, Braque, Mondrian, Ben Nicholson, Matisse, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, The Scottish Colourists, Peter Howson , Francis Bacon, Lucien Freud, Boyle Family and Douglas Gordon. Due to space constraints, the work that is displayed is often rotated. The gallery also holds temporary exhibitions. Surrealist and Dada art, as well as work by Eduardo Paolozzi are kept at the adjacent Dean Gallery.
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