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Second Anglo-Maratha War
It was caused by the Peshwa Baji Rao II 's defeat by the Holkar rulers of Indore, and his acceptance of British protection by the Treaty of Bassein in December 1802. The Sindhia family of Gwalior and the Bhonsle family of Nagpur contested the agreement, but they were defeated, respectively, at Laswari and Delhi by Lord Lake and at Assaye and Argaon by Sir Arthur Wellesley. The Holkar rulers of Indore then joined in. Peace was concluded in 1805, with the British acquiring Orissa, and parts of western Gujarat and Bundelkhand from the Maratha. The Maratha were left with a free hand in much of central India, and the Sindhia Maharajas maintained control of much of Rajasthan.
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