Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Selma is a city located in Dallas County, Alabama. As of the 2000 census, the population of the city is 20,512. It is located at latitude 32°25' North, longitude 87°2' West. Concordia College, Selma , a college of the Lutheran Church - Missouri Synod, is located in Selma. The city is the county seat of Dallas County. The city is known for the Selma to Montgomery marches, three civil rights marches that began in this city.
The ZIP Code for Selma is 36701.
Selma is located at 32°24'59" North, 87°1'29" West (32.416416, -87.024733).
As of the census2 of 2000, there are 20,512 people, 8,196 households, and 5,343 families residing in the city. The population density is 571.4/km² (1,479.6/mi²). There are 9,264 housing units at an average density of 258.1/km² (668.3/mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 28.77% White, 69.68% Black or African American, 0.10% Native American, 0.56% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.22% from other races, and 0.66% from two or more races. 0.67% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 8,196 households out of which 30.3% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 34.2% are married couples living together, 27.2% have a female householder with no husband present, and 34.8% are non-families. 32.6% of all households are made up of individuals and 14.6% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.44 and the average family size is 3.10.
In the city the population is spread out with 27.3% under the age of 18, 9.7% from 18 to 24, 24.9% from 25 to 44, 21.8% from 45 to 64, and 16.3% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 36 years. For every 100 females there are 78.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 72.0 males.
The median income for a household in the city is $21,261, and the median income for a family is $28,345. Males have a median income of $29,769 versus $18,129 for females. The per capita income for the city is $13,369. 31.7% of the population and 26.9% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 41.8% of those under the age of 18 and 28.0% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.
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