Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Shinjuku (新宿区; -ku) is one of the special wards of Tokyo, Japan. It is a major commercial and administrative centre as well as the location of one of Tokyo's largest public transport interchanges, Shinjuku Station. Shinjuku is home to the Tokyo Metropolitan Government Office, Tokyo's tallest building, where political and public administration of Tokyo takes place.
Shinjuku is a major urban-transit hub: Shinjuku Station sees an estimated 2 million passengers pass through it each day, with three subway lines, two private-rail commuter lines, and several JR lines passing through it. It is also home to a heavy concentration of department stores, movie theaters, hotels, bars, etc.
The city of Shinjuku developed into its current form after the Great Kanto earthquake (Kantō-daishinsai) in 1923, since the seismically stable area largely escaped the devastation. Consequently, West Shinjuku is one of the few areas in Tokyo with many skyscrapers. In 1698, during the Edo period, Shinjuku (or Naitō Shinjuku) had developed as a new (shin) station (shuku or juku) on the Kōshū Kaidō. Naitō was a daimyo whose mansion stood in the area; his land is now a public park, the Shinjuku Gyoen.
Major areas of the ward include Ichigaya , the red-light district Kabukicho, Okubo , Shinanomachi , Shinjuku ni-chome and Takadanobaba. Shinjuku is home to Japan's largest, best-known and most vibrant gay area, Shinjuku ni-chome.
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