Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Sir John Woodroffe
Pseudonym: Arthur Avalon
Sir John Woodroffe got his B.C.L. (Bachelor of Civil Law) from University College, Oxford. He moved to India where he practiced law. He became Advocate-General of Bengal and in 1915 Chief Justice at the Calcutta High Court. He also was appointed Standing Counsel to the Government of India. He was appointed Tagore Law Professor at the Calcutta University. After retiring to England he became Reader in Indian Law at the University of Oxford.
Alongside his judicial duties he studied Sanskrit and Hindu philosophy and was especially interested in the esoteric Hindu Tantric Shakti system. He translated some 20 original Sanskrit texts and under his pseudonym Arthur Avalon published and lectured prolifically and authoritatively on Indian philosophy and a wide range of Yoga and Tantra topics. His work helped to unleash in the West a deep and wide interest in Hindu philosophy and Yogic practices.
His most popular and influential book, a major contribution to the appreciation of Indian philospohy and spirituality, is The Serpent Power - the secrets of tantric and shaktic yoga (Dover Books)
Other writings include:
- The Great Liberation
- Principles of Tantra
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