Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Société Nationale des Constructions Aéronautiques du Sud-Est
The Société Nationale des Constructions Aéronautiques du Sud-Est (SNCASE, or simply Sud-Est) was a French aircraft manufacturer. It was born from the nationalisation of the French aeronautical industries in 1937.
They produced 2 autogyros, C.34 and the SE.700 Alouette (skylark). After World War II SNCASE continued experimenting with helicopters with the help from a team from Focke Achgelis. They built the SE.3000 which was a French version of the twin-rotor Focke-Achgelis FA 223 and a smaller SE.3101 , built around the Focke-Wulf Fw 61. With this experience SNCASE went on to design more helicopters: SE.3100 , SE.3110 and eventually the SE.3120 Alouette .
The Alouette first flew on July 21 1951 and broke the helicopter distance and speed records in July 1953. A production for several hundreds was envisaged but hopes were soon dashed when the SE.3120 was found non-marketable because it was too complicated.
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