Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
In the modern-day, social policies usually deal with the following issues:
- abortion, and the regulation of its pratice
- the legal status of euthanasia
- homosexuality and the rights of gay couples
- the rules surrounding issues of marriage, divorce, and adoption
Social policy is often heavily inspired by religion and the religious beliefs of politicians. Political conservatives as a whole generally favor a more traditionalist approach to social policy than political liberals.
Important areas of social policy are
- Health insurance
- Accident insurance (for workplace accidents )
- Unemployment insurance
- Retirement insurance
- Labor regulation
In most European countries, those types of insurance are made mandatory by law. As a result, for example, the number of people without health insurance is very small, other than in the US. However, those policies are facing additional challenges in recent years, as the population is aging and the number of contributors dwindling, while there are more and more beneficiaries. Social policy is thus becoming an important challange for politicians and policymakers.
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