Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
The historical monasteries were turned into Solovetsky Lager' Osobogo Naznachenia (SLON), Solovki Special Purpose Camp. The acronym of the camp name is a sullen word play for those who speak Russian: slon means "elephant". It was one of the first "corrective labor camps", a prototype of the Gulag system.
In 1926 the Solovki camp was turned into a prison, which was closed in 1939 because of the construction of a naval base.
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