Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
|Mission Name:||Soyuz T-14|
|Number of Crew Members:||3|
|Launch:||September 17, 1985|
|Landing:||November 21, 1985|
180 km SE of Dzhezkazgan
|Duration:||64 days 21 hours 52 minutes 08 seconds|
|Number of Orbits:||1021|
- Mass: 6850 kg
- Perigee: 196 km
- Apogee: 223 km
- Inclination: 51.6°
- Period: 88.7minutes
9th expedition to Salyut 7. Cosmonaut Vasyutin returns to earth early due to illness.
Demonstrated the wisdom of maintaining a Soyuz at Salyut 7 as an emergency medical evacuation vehicle. Vasyutin, the mission commander, fell ill, forcing early termination of the planned 6-mo mission.
The main goals of the Chegets were to receive Cosmos 1686, a modified TKS, and conduct spacewalks with application to future space stations. The first goal was achieved on October 2. Cosmos 1686 contained 4500 kg of freight, including large items like a girder to be assembled outside Salyut 7, and the Kristallizator materials processing apparatus. Vasyutin ill. However, the Chegets were unable to achieve their second goal. By late October Vasyutin was no longer helping with experiments because he was ill. On November 13 the cosmonauts began scrambling their communications with the TsUP. Return to Earth occurred soon after.
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