Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Space Shuttle Challenger
Shuttle Orbiter Challenger (NASA Orbiter Vehicle Designation: OV-99) was a Space Shuttle orbiter. Challenger was the second shuttle orbiter to be placed into service (after Columbia) and was constructed using a body frame (STA-099) that had initially been produced for use as a test article. Its maiden voyage was on April 4, 1983, and made eight subsequent round trips to low earth orbit before it was destroyed during launch for its tenth mission, mission 51-L, on January 28, 1986. It is one of two space shuttles destroyed in an accident during a mission, the other being the Space Shuttle Columbia. The collected debris of the vessel are currently stored in decommissioned missile silos at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station.
Space Shuttle Challenger flew 10 flights, spent 62.41 days in space, completed 995 orbits, and flew 25,803,940 miles in total, including its final mission.
|1983 April 4||STS-6|| Deployed TDRS-1.|
First spacewalk during a space shuttle mission.
|1983 June 18||STS-7|| Sally Ride becomes first American woman in space.|
Deployed 2 communications satellites.
|1983 August 30||STS-8|| Guion Bluford becomes first African-American in space|
First shuttle night launch and night landing.
|1984 February 3||STS-41-B|| First untethered spacewalk.|
Deployed 2 communications satellites, unsuccessfully.
|1984 April 6||STS-41-C||Solar Max service mission.|
|1984 October 5||STS-41-G|| First mission to carry two women.|
|1985 April 29||STS-51-B||Carried Spacelab-3|
|1985 July 29||STS-51-F||Carried Spacelab-2|
|1985 October 30||STS-61-A||Carried German Spacelab D-1|
|1986 January 28||STS-51-L||Shuttle destroyed during launch and all seven astronauts on board killed.|
- Orbiter Vehicles
- Shuttle Orbiter Challenger (OV-99)
- Rogers Commission Report
- Astronautix on Challenger
- Video of Challenger Accident
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