Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
The growth of the city dates from 1881, when the Northern Pacific Railway was completed at this point. Spokane was officially incorporated on November 29, 1881. Between 1900 and 1910, the population grew from 36,848 to 104,402. The 1974 World's Fair was held at Riverfront Park in Downtown Spokane.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 151.6 km² (58.5 mi²). 149.6 km² (57.8 mi²) of it is land and 2.0 km² (0.8 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 1.30% water.
As of the census2 of 2000, there are 195,629 people, 81,512 households, and 47,276 families residing in the city. The population density is 1,307.7/km² (3,387.0/mi²). There are 87,941 housing units at an average density of 587.8/km² (1,522.6/mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 89.46% White, 2.07% African American, 1.76% Native American, 2.25% Asian, 0.19% Pacific Islander, 0.88% from other races, and 3.38% from two or more races. 2.99% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 81,512 households out of which 29.4% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.3% are married couples living together, 12.4% have a female householder with no husband present, and 42.0% are non-families. 33.9% of all households are made up of individuals and 11.7% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.32 and the average family size is 2.98.
In the city the population is spread out with 24.8% under the age of 18, 11.1% from 18 to 24, 29.6% from 25 to 44, 20.5% from 45 to 64, and 14.0% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 35 years. For every 100 females there are 93.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 89.9 males.
The median income for a household in the city is $32,273, and the median income for a family is $41,316. Males have a median income of $31,676 versus $24,833 for females. The per capita income for the city is $18,451. 15.9% of the population and 11.1% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 19.3% of those under the age of 18 and 9.6% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.
Spokane is served by Spokane International Airport.
1974 World's Fair
Many of the structures built for the World's Fair are still standing. The United States Pavilion now houses an IMAX theater; the Washington State Pavilion became the downtown Opera House. The Expo site itself became the 100 acre (400,000 m²) Riverfront Park, containing the U.S. Pavilion and a clock tower (part of a Great Northern rail depot that was demolished for Expo '74), which are prominently featured in the park's logo.
Parks and Recreation
Spokane offers several outdoor parks within minutes of most residents' homes.
Riverside State Park is close to downtown and offers hiking, rafting and camping opportunities as well as scenic views.
Spokane's Centennial Trail offers visitors the chance to run, walk, bike or roller blade over thirty-seven miles of paved trails running along the Spokane River. Informational signs and parking are provided along the trail.
Events and activities in Spokane
Spokane is home to a number of annual events that draw people from a large surrounding area.
Hoopfest is the largest 3 on 3 basketball tournament in the world. It is held the last weekend in June, and boasts a variety of participants, from kids, teens, and adults to former college and NBA players, in their respective brackets.
The Lilac Bloomsday Run is a 7.46 mile race for walkers and competitive runners. It is held the first Sunday every May.
Spokane is also home to a National Historic Landmark hand-carved carousel, created in 1909 by Charles Looff as a wedding present for his daughter. The carousel still operates in Riverfront Park , downtown, and continues to offer a free ride to the rider who grabs the gold ring.
The Northwest Museum of Arts and Culture houses a large collection of Native American artifacts as well as regional and national traveling art exhibits. Located in Browne's Addition, the Museum boasts a secluded setting just blocks from the heart of Downtown.
In the summer, many Spokane residents visit Lake Coeur d'Alene, Priest Lake, or one of the other nearby bodies of water. In the winter, Spokane residents have easy access to five ski resorts within a few hours of their city.
Spokane has one of the highest ratios of Meth labs to homes in the United States. Efforts to crack down on this include new police training. Other problems include the outlying areas extensive pothole damaged roads, and also and growing gang related crime rate.
- Paul D'Amour, former member of the band Tool.
- Sherman Alexie, author.
- Mike Clarke, member of the band The Byrds.
- Bing Crosby, celebrated entertainer.
- Tom Foley, former Democratic Speaker of the House of Representatives.
- Craig Montoya, member of the band Everclear.
- Myles Kennedy, lead singer of the band Alter Bridge.
- Craig T. Nelson, actor who has played lead roles in Coach, The District, and The Incredibles.
- Mark Rypien, professional football player.
- Jason Hanson , professional football player.
- Ryne Sandberg, professional baseball player.
- John Stockton, professional basketball player.
- Julia Sweeney, actress and comedienne — well known as Pat on Saturday Night Live.
- Cyan Worlds, Inc., the company that produced the computer game Myst.
- David Eddings, popular author of the Belgariad and many other books.
- Billy Tipton, gender bending jazz musician.
- Jim Boyd , musician, cultural critic, and two-time 'Album of the Year' winner at the Native American Music Awards.
Common Spokane Nicknames
- The Can
- Spo-KAYNE (everyone's favorite mispronunciation)
- ROCK 94 1/2
- Fairchild Air Force Base Info Page
- Visit Spokane
- The Inlander
- Spokane Events
- Spokane Hot Zone
- Fairchild AFB Homepage
- Hoopfest Official Website
- Bloomsday Official Website
- A Virtual Visit to Expo '74
- Spokane's Expo '74: A World's Fair for the Environment
- Riverfront Park
- Riverfront Park: Still an attraction 30 years after fair
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