Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Spring Valley, California
Spring Valley is named for the natural spring located there. It was long the home of the Kumeyaay tribe, who called it Neti or Meti. Spanish conquerors drove off the natives and used the area for cattle, calling it El aguaje de San Jorge (St. George's Spring).
In 1873 Judge Augustus S. Ensworth of San Diego filed a claim for a 160-acre ranch that included the spring. The ranch, and the small adobe house he built there, were sold to Rufus King Porter and later to historian Hubert Howe Bancroft. The adobe is now a National Historic Landmark.
Spring Valley is located at 32°44'4" North, 116°58'53" West (32.734318, -116.981372).
As of the census2 of 2000, there are 26,663 people, 9,129 households, and 6,901 families residing in the CDP. The population density is 1,423.9/km² (3,685.4/mi²). There are 9,291 housing units at an average density of 496.2/km² (1,284.2/mi²). The racial makeup of the CDP is 68.08% White, 10.24% African American, 0.77% Native American, 4.79% Asian, 0.52% Pacific Islander, 9.45% from other races, and 6.15% from two or more races. 21.48% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 9,129 households out of which 40.5% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.8% are married couples living together, 15.6% have a female householder with no husband present, and 24.4% are non-families. 17.5% of all households are made up of individuals and 6.0% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.90 and the average family size is 3.27.
In the CDP the population is spread out with 29.1% under the age of 18, 9.1% from 18 to 24, 31.4% from 25 to 44, 20.9% from 45 to 64, and 9.5% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 33 years. For every 100 females there are 94.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 91.6 males.
The median income for a household in the CDP is $48,271, and the median income for a family is $51,217. Males have a median income of $36,338 versus $30,297 for females. The per capita income for the CDP is $19,504. 8.6% of the population and 6.5% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 11.3% of those under the age of 18 and 3.2% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.
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