Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Squalicorax ("crow shark") is an extinct lamniform shark genus known to have lived during the Cretaceous period. A fully articulated (fully-formed) 1.9 m long fossil skeleton of Squalicorax (S. falcatus) has been found in Kansas, evidence of its presence in the Western Interior Seaway. Large numbers of fossil teeth have been found in Europe, North Africa, and other parts of North America. From the size of its largest known teeth, it can be estimated that Squalicorax pristodontus grew up to 5 m (16.5 ft) in length.
Squalicorax was a predator, but also scavenged, as evidenced by a Squalicorax tooth found embedded in the metatarsal (foot) bone of a terrestrial hadrosaurid dinosaur that most likely died and ended up in the water. Other food sources included turtles, mosasaurs, ichthyodectes , and other bony fishes and sea creatures.
- Squalicorax bassanii Gemmelaro 1920
- Squalicorax curvatus Williston 1900
- Squalicorax falcatus Agassiz 1843
- Squalicorax kaupi Agassiz 1843
- Squalicorax pristodontus Agassiz 1843
- H. Cappetta , Handbook of Paleoichthyology (Gustav Fischer, 1987)
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