Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
- This article is about Stefan Bathory, the king of Poland. For more information on his father, also named Stephen (István) see: István Báthory
|Reign|| From December 9, 1575|
until December 12, 1586
|Elected|| On December 9, 1575 in Wola, today suburb of|
|Coronation|| On May 1, 1576|
in the Wawel Cathedral,
|Parents|| Stephen Bathory|
|Date of Birth||September 27, 1533|
|Place of Birth|| Somlyo , Transylvania|
|Date of Death||December 12, 1586|
|Place of Death|| Grodno, Poland,|
|Place of Burial|| Wawel Cathedral,|
in Kraków, Poland
buried in May, 1588
He was born as István Báthory to a mighty Hungarian noble, also named István Báthory. Batory succeeded John II Zapolya as Prince of Transylvania and held this position from 1571-75, giving it to his older brother Christopher Bathory (1530-81) afterwards. In 1575 he was elected a King of Poland and ruled Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth as Stefan Batory.
BiographyHanse city of Gdańsk (German:Danzig) had backed Emperor Maximilian II in his attempt to become King of Poland. Stefan Bathory, upon becoming King of Poland, attacked Gdańsk and tried to take it by military force. Batory was able to defeat Gdańsk's mercenary army in open field, but unable to take the city; so compromise was reached.1577. Gdańsk later was loyally serving the Kingdom during the war with Sweden and Russia, providing help when requested.
Bathory, with his chancellor Jan Zamojski, led the Polish army in a brilliant decisive campaign against the Baltic invaders of Ivan "the terrible" Vasleivich. The Russians had invaded Livonia and took Dorpat from the Polish vassal, the Teutonic Brothers of the sword. The Poles under Bathory routed a Russian force at Wielkie Luki and Psków. In the Peace treaty in Jam Zapolski, Poland got back Livonia and Polock.
Stefan Bathory planned a Christian alliance against the Ottomans. He proposed an anti-Ottoman alliance with Russia, which he considered a necessary step for his anti-Ottoman crusade. However, Russia was on the way to the Time of Troubles so he could not find a partner there. When Stefan Bathory died, there was a one year interregnum. Emperor Mathias's brother Maximilian III tried to claim title of King of Poland, but was defeated at Byczyna and Sigismund III Vasa followed Stefan Bathory's reign.
The contents of this article is licensed from www.wikipedia.org under the GNU Free Documentation License. Click here to see the transparent copy and copyright details