Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Cauthen, the son of a trainer and a farrier, grew up in Walton, Kentucky around horses, which (along with his small size) made jockeying a logical career choice. He rode his first race on May 12, 1976 at Churchill Downs; he finished last, riding King of Swat. He rode his first winner (Red Pipe) less than a week later. His rise to prominence was meteoric; he was the nation's leader in race wins in 1977 with 487, and was selected as Sportsman of the Year by Sports Illustrated. In 1978 he became the youngest jockey to ever win the Triple Crown, riding Affirmed.
However, as he left his teens and matured, he had increasing problems making weight. In the 1980s he moved to England, where jockeys normally compete at higher weights, and became a highly successful rider there. Cauthen was England's champion jockey three times, and won English classic races nine times, including the Two Thousand Guineas, the Epsom Derby twice, and the St. Leger Stakes three times. He also won the Irish Oaks three times and in 1989 rode European Horse of the Year, "Old Vic" to victory in the 1989 French Derby and the Irish Derby . In 1991 he won the Derby Italiano .
After he finished his riding career, he returned to Kentucky, where he is an executive at Turfway Park, the nearest major track to his hometown. Cauthen was inducted into the National Museum of Racing and Hall of Fame in 1994.
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