Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Stockton is surrounded by the rich agricultural areas of the California Central Valley, and has a large inland port. In and around Stockton are numerous waterways that comprise the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta.
As of the census of 2000, there are 243,771 people, 78,556 households, and 56,167 families residing in the city. The population density is 1,720.4/km² (4,455.7/mi²). There are 82,042 housing units at an average density of 579.0/km² (1,499.6/mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 43.26% White, 11.25% African American, 1.12% Native American, 19.90% Asian, 0.40% Pacific Islander, 17.31% from other races, and 6.76% from two or more races. 32.50% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 78,556 households out of which 40.8% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.1% are married couples living together, 17.3% have a female householder with no husband present, and 28.5% are non-families. 22.9% of all households are made up of individuals and 8.6% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 3.04 and the average family size is 3.59.
In the city the population is spread out with 32.4% under the age of 18, 11.0% from 18 to 24, 27.4% from 25 to 44, 18.9% from 45 to 64, and 10.2% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 30 years. For every 100 females there are 95.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 91.0 males.
The median income for a household in the city is $35,453, and the median income for a family is $40,434. Males have a median income of $35,181 versus $26,602 for females. The per capita income for the city is $15,405. 23.9% of the population and 18.9% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 32.8% of those under the age of 18 and 11.9% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.
Colleges and universities
It is also home to a major private university, the University of the Pacific. UOP is frequently used in Hollywood movies because of its aesthetic likeness to East Coast Ivy League universities. Its most famous such appearance is probably Steven Spielberg and George Lucas' Raiders of the Lost Ark.
Stockton used to be the site of a California State Hospital, the oldest in the state system, founded only a few years after statehood. Stockton State Hospital was closed in 1996 and has since been converted into a campus for California State University, Stanislaus.
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