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Sugawara no Michizane
He rose to high positions of the imperial court under the grace of Emperor Uda, but in 901 he fell into a trap of his rival Fujiwara no Tokihira and was degraded to a minor official of Dazaifu, Chikuzen Province. After his lonely death, plague and drought spread and sons of Emperor Daigo dead in succession. The imperial court cancelled his charge and built a Shinto shrine Kitano Temmangu in Kyoto to keep his anger down. He was deified as Tenjin-sama, or kami of scholarship. Today many Shinto shrines in Japan are sacred to him.
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