Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
The Sui Dynasty, founded by Emperor Wen, or Yang Jian, held its capital at Chang'an (present Xi'an). It was marked by the reunification of Southern and Northern China and the construction of the Grand Canal, though it was a relatively short Chinese dynasty. It saw various reforms by Emperors Wen and Yang: the land equalization system, initiated to reduce the rich-poor social gap, resulted in enhanced agricultural productivity; governmental power was centralized, and coinage was standardized and unified; defense was improved, and the Great Wall was expanded. Buddhism was also spread and encouraged throughout the empire, uniting the varied people and cultures of China.
This dynasty has often been compared to the earlier Qin Dynasty in tenure and the ruthlessness of its accomplishments. The Sui dynasty's early demise was attributed to the government's tyrannical demands on the people, who bore the crushing burden of taxes and compulsory labor. These resources were overstrained in the completion of the Grand Canal--a monumental engineering feat-- and in the undertaking of other construction projects, including the reconstruction of the Great Wall. Weakened by costly and disastrous military campaigns against Korea in the early seventh century, the dynasty disintegrated through a combination of popular revolts, disloyalty, and assassination.
Rulers of Sui Dynasty
| Posthumous Name (Shi Hao 諡號)|
Convention: "Sui" + name
|Birth Name||Period of Reign||Era Names (Nian Hao 年號) and their according range of years|
|Wendi (文帝 wen2 di4)||Yang Jian (楊堅 yang2 jian1)||581-604|| Kaihuang (開皇 kai1 huang2) 581-600|
Renshou (仁壽 ren2 shou4) 601-604
|Yangdi (煬帝 yang2 di4)||Yang Guang (楊廣 yang2 guang3)||605-617||aye (大業 da4 ye4) 605-617|
|Gongdi (恭帝 gong1 di4)||Yang You (楊侑 yang2 you4)||617-618||Yining (義寧 yi4 ning2) 617-618|
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