Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Supreme court of Chile
The Chilean Supreme Court is the Highest Court in the land. Is integrated for 21 justices, working in 5 salas, o hearing rooms of 5 memeber each. Each Sala stand and specific branch in civil law, criminal, civil, labour issues and a constitucional law. Into the chilean system the Supreme Court lacks capacity to exercise a wide judicial review, (the power to certify statutes and general laws), but to invalidate a suspiciuos norm in each case. This lack of sustantive independence became evident after 1973 coup d'etat and during the military dictatorship, in which failed to stand a protective remedy on civil right protection, on 17 years the Court only came to hear 5 habeas corpus actions on more than 3.000 solicitations.
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