Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
- This is about Surrey, England. There are also articles about other uses of the name Surrey.
|Status:||Ceremonial & Administrative County|
|Region:||South East England|
- Admin. council
- Total (2002 est.)
- Admin. council
637 / km²
Surrey County Council
|Members of Parliament|
|Peter Ainsworth, Paul Beresford, Crispin Blunt, Virginia Bottomley, Sue Doughty, Chris Grayling, Philip Hammond, Nick Hawkins, Humfrey Malins, Ian Taylor, David Wilshire|
Surrey is a county in southern England, one of the 'Home Counties'. It is divided into a number of districts - Elmbridge, Epsom and Ewell, Guildford, Mole Valley, Reigate and Banstead, Runnymede, Spelthorne, Surrey Heath, Tandridge, Waverley, Woking, and borders on Hampshire, Berkshire, Greater London, Kent, East Sussex and West Sussex.
Surrey has a population of approximately one million. The traditional county town is Kingston upon Thames, which was lost to the county following the continued expansion of London. The present county town is Guildford which despite having a cathedral is not a city, and which is home to the University of Surrey. Today, the council is still based in Kingston although there are plans to move the offices to Woking.
Due to its proximity to London there are a great many commuter villages in Surrey, the population density is very high and the denizens of the county are more affluent, on average, than other UK citizens.
Much of Surrey is in the Green Belt and, since the soil is very sandy and agriculture not intensive, there are a large number of footpaths, bridleways and commons or Access lands . Therefore Surrey provides much in the way of rural leisure activities, the horse population being very large.
Main article: History of Surrey.
Surrey was anciently divided into the fourteen hundreds of Blackheath , Brixton , Copthorne, Effingham , Elmbridge, Farnham , Godalming , Godley, Kingston , Reigate , Tandridge, Wallington , Woking and Wotton .
Until 1889, Surrey contained the present-day London boroughs of Lambeth, Southwark and Wandsworth. In 1965 the boroughs of Croydon, Kingston, Merton, Richmond and Sutton were made part of Greater London, and Spelthorne acquired from Middlesex.
In the 1974 local government reform caused Gatwick Airport and some surrounding land to be transferred to West Sussex. In the enactment of Local Government Act 1972, Horley and Charlwood were also to be transferred, but fierce local protests led to a reversal of this decision.
Towns and Villages
- Abinger Common , Abinger Hammer, Addlestone , Albury , Alfold, Ash , Ashford, Ashtead
- Bagshot, Banstead , Betchworth , Bisley, Bletchingley , Blindley Heath , Bramley, Brockham, Buckland , Burgh Heath , Byfleet
- Camberley, Capel , Caterham , Chaldon , Charlwood, Chertsey, Chiddingfold, Chipstead , Chobham, Christmaspie , Churt , Claygate , Cobham, Cranleigh
- Dorking, Dormans Land , Dunsfold
- Earlswood , East Clandon , East Horsley, Effingham, Egham, Elstead, Englefield Green , Epsom, Esher, Ewell , Ewhurst
- Farncombe, Farnham, Fetcham, Forest Green , Frensham , Frimley
- Godalming, Godstone Green , Gomshall , Great Bookham, Guildford
- Hambledon, Hascombe, Haslemere, Headley, Hersham, Hindhead, Holmbury St Mary , Holmwood , Hooley , Horley, Horsell, Hurst Green
- Leatherhead, Limpsfield , Lingfield, Little Bookham
- Merrow, Merstham, Mickleham, Milford
- Normandy , Nutfield
- Ockham, Ockley , Onslow Village, Ottershaw , Outwood , Oxshott, Oxted
- Peaslake , Pirbright, Pyrford, Puttenham
- Redhill, Reigate, Ripley, Rowley,
- Salfords , Send, Shackleford, Shalford, Shepperton, Shere , Shottermill , South Godstone , Staines, Stoke D'Abernon
- Tadworth, Tandridge, Thames Ditton, Thorpe , Thursley, Tilford, Tongham
- Virginia Water
- Walton-on-Thames, Walton-on-the-Hill , Wanborough , Warlingham, West Clandon, West Horsley , West End , Westcott , Wentworth, Weybridge, Whyteleafe , Windlesham , Wisley, Witley, Woking, Woldingham , Wonersh , Wood Street Village , Wormley, Worplesdon , Wotton
Places of interest
National Trust properties
Box Hill just north of Dorking is woodland and chalk downland with superb views from the top of the hill. The eminent British myrmecologist and coleopterist Horace Donisthorpe freqented this location during his studies of British ants.
Claremont Landscape Garden, south of Esher. The gardens date from 1715,
Dapdune Wharf on the River Wey in Guildford is home to a restored Wey barge, the Reliance.
Devil's Punch Bowl at Hindhead is another common with fine views and walks.
Frensham Common home to a variety of plant, animal and birdlife. Scenic with pleasant walks (and horse rides). Frensham Great Pond houses assorted sailing activities whilst Frensham Little Pond provides family picnicing spots.
Holmbury St Mary is a charming village in an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty, close to the Greensand Way and North Downs Way. It was developed in the 19th century and still has a mainly Victorian character as on the whole no new building is allowed. The youth hostel, constructed in the village in 1935, was the first purpose-built by the Youth Hostel Association .
Leith Hill to the south west of Dorking is the highest point in south-east England. Woods, Rhodedendrons and magnificent views from the many walks.
Polesden Lacey at south of Great Bookham is a Regency villa with extensive grounds. Each summer open air theatre is presented in the grounds.
River Wey & Godalming Navigations from Godalming to the Thames at Weybridge. Interesting scenery, well kept locks and well maintained towpaths make for pleasant walks.
Witley Common is heathland south of Godalming.
Wotton Wotton House was the family seat of John Evelyn, the 17th-century diarist and horticulturist.
Other places of interest
- Guildford Cathedral is a post war cathedral built from bricks made from the clay hill on which it stands.
- Waverley Abbey.
- Royal Earlswood Hospital is an early psychiatric hospital which housed the autistic savant James Henry Pullen and The Queen Mother's two nieces: Nerissa Bowes-Lyon and Katherine Bowes-Lyon.
- Royal Horticultural Society Gardens at Wisley.
- Hindhead - Devil's Punch Bowl, Thursley. This is a totally secluded cottage in a rural beauty spot and has no car access.
- Holmbury St Mary - In wooded grounds in the hills with easy access. SE of Abinger.
- Tanners Hatch - A cottage in the woods on the outskirts of Ranmore Common NW of Dorking.
Official county website
The contents of this article is licensed from www.wikipedia.org under the GNU Free Documentation License. Click here to see the transparent copy and copyright details