Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Surrey Quays tube station
Surrey Quays is a London Underground station in Rotherhithe near Surrey Quays Shopping Centre and Southwark Park . It is in zone 2, and is on the East London Line. The next station to the north is Canada Water, and to the south it splits into two branches, which lead to the two southern termini, New Cross Gate and New Cross.
The station was built by the East London Railway Company in 1884 and was known as Deptford Road until 1911. It was subsequently renamed Surrey Docks (in reference to the nearby, now former, Surrey Commercial Docks) until it was renamed a second time to Surrey Quays in 1989, following the construction of the nearby Surrey Quays shopping centre. This was a somewhat controversial move and was unpopular with many of the local community, who felt that their heritage was being erased. However, the name stuck and the Surrey Docks area is now widely known as Surrey Quays.
For much of its history, the station's importance lay in its proximity to the Surrey Commercial Docks; it was situated at the south end of Canada Dock (now Canada Water) and stood a few hundred yards from the principal entrance to the docks. Its usage fell considerably after the docks were closed down, but revived following the redevelopment of the Docklands in the 1980s and 1990s.
From about 2008, it is envisaged that trains will run from Surrey Quays to Clapham Junction by way of Queen's Road Peckham, Peckham Rye, Denmark Hill, Clapham High Street and Wandsworth Road. This is to be achieved by extending the East London Line to connect with the overground Network Rail South London Line, utilising a long-disused rail corridor just south of Surrey Quays station which used to link the two lines. A new station at Surrey Canal Road will be constructed to the south-west of Surrey Quays.
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