Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
In medicine, the term syndrome is the association of several clinically recognizable features, signs, symptoms, phenomena or characteristics which often occur together, so that the presence of one feature alerts the physician to the presence of the others. In recent decades the term has been used outside of medicine to refer to a combination of phenomena seen in association.
The term syndrome derives from the Greek and means literally "run together," as the features do. The term syndrome is most often used when the reason that the features occur together (pathophysiology) has not yet been discovered. A familiar syndrome name often continues to be used even after an underlying cause has been found. Many syndromes are named after the physicians credited with first reporting the association; these are "eponymous" syndromes.
Examples of eponymous syndromes
- Asperger's syndrome
- Cushing's syndrome
- Down syndrome
- Klinefelter's syndrome
- Turner syndrome
- Zollinger-Ellison syndrome
- Atopic syndrome
- Jerusalem syndrome
- Occupational overuse syndrome
- Reflex sympathetic dystrophy syndrome (RSDS)
- Syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone (SIADH)
- Sick building syndrome
- Stendhal syndrome
AIDS, a case study
A recent case study is Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS), so named as most syndromal immune deficiencies are either inborn or secondary to hematological disease. AIDS was originally termed "Gay Related Immune Disease" (or GRID), a name which was revised as the disease turned out to equally affect heterosexuals. Only several years after the recognition of AIDS, HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) was described, explaining the hitherto unexplained "syndrome".
Syndrome is now commonly used in the public discourse to reflect any familiar course of events in politics or sociology.
In coding theory, a syndrome of an error-correcting code is the value formed by the comparison of the re-computed check bits against the stored check bits of the code that identifies the bit positions(s) containing the errors.
- Whonamedit.com - a repository of medical eponyms
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