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Tahlequah is a city located in Cherokee County, Oklahoma. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 14,458. It is the county seat of Cherokee County. Tahlequah also has the distinction of being the capital of the Cherokee Nation. The name derives from the Cherokee word "Ta'ligwu" meaning "just two," or "two is enough." The "two" refers to a meeting between elders that presumably took take place shortly after the Trail of Tears. Three tribal elders had planned to meet to determine the location of the Cherokee Nation's permanent capital. Two elders arrived and waited for the third. As dusk approached, they decided that "two is enough." Tahlequah is also home to Northeastern State University.
Tahlequah is located at 35°54'46" North, 94°58'17" West (35.912869, -94.971526)1.
As of the census2 of 2000, there are 14,458 people, 5,703 households, and 3,125 families residing in the city. The population density is 464.4/km² (1,202.8/mi²). There are 6,245 housing units at an average density of 200.6/km² (519.5/mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 59.01% White, 2.53% African American, 26.86% Native American, 0.53% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 4.10% from other races, and 6.93% from two or more races. 7.26% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 5,703 households out of which 26.8% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.6% are married couples living together, 13.3% have a female householder with no husband present, and 45.2% are non-families. 34.2% of all households are made up of individuals and 11.6% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.28 and the average family size is 3.00.
In the city the population is spread out with 22.2% under the age of 18, 25.2% from 18 to 24, 23.4% from 25 to 44, 16.1% from 45 to 64, and 13.0% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 26 years. For every 100 females there are 88.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 82.5 males.
The median income for a household in the city is $23,238, and the median income for a family is $34,811. Males have a median income of $25,066 versus $21,327 for females. The per capita income for the city is $13,371. 26.3% of the population and 18.5% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 28.2% of those under the age of 18 and 12.6% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.
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