Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
It is housed in the former Bankside Power Station (not far from Globe Theatre), which was originally designed by Sir Giles Gilbert Scott, the architect responsible for Battersea Power Station, and built in two stages between 1947 and 1963. The power station closed in 1981. The building was converted by architects Herzog & de Meuron. Since its opening on May 12, 2000 it has become a very popular destination for Londoners and tourists.
Galleries are located on the third, fourth and fifth floors of the building. Thematically-arranged exhibitions from the gallery's permanent collection are located on the third and fifth floors, while temporary exhibitions are located on the fourth floor. The main hall of the building, which originally housed the power station's turbine, is also used for temporary exhibitions.
The turbine hall is used to display specially-commissioned work by contemporary artists, between October and March each year, in a series sponsored by Unilever. This series was originally planned to last the gallery's first five years, but the popularity of the series has led to its extension until 2008.
The artists that have exhibited specially commissioned work in the turbine hall are:
- 2000 - Louise Bourgeois - Maman, I Do, I Undo, I Redo
- 2001 - Juan Muņoz - Double Bind
- 2002 - Anish Kapoor - Marsyas
- 2003 - Olafur Eliasson - The Weather Project
- 2004 - Bruce Nauman - Raw Materials
The gallery can be accessed by crossing the London Millennium Bridge which links it with St Paul's Cathedral, which lies to the north. The closest tube station is Southwark, although Blackfriars tube station and a short walk over Blackfriars Bridge is often more convenient.
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