Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Temple University is a university in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Temple University was founded in 1884 by Dr. Russell Conwell and became known as Temple College in 1888. In 1907, the college became a fully accredited university. Temple University is the 28th largest university in the United States, is the sixth largest provider of professional education in the country and is known for its programs in law, education, media, business and health sciences.
The School of Dentistry, established in 1863 as the Philadelphia Dental College , is the second-oldest dental school in continuous existence in the United States and, for 140 years, has provided men and women with a strong academic and clinical background for the practice of general dentistry. Temple University School of Medicine has emerged as a school of national reputation. One in every five people who applies to medical school in the United States applies to Temple. In 2005, the MBA program of Temple University’s Fox School of Business and Management has been ranked No. 1 in the U.S. for “Value for Money” by Financial Times. Temple University's Beasley School of Law was ranked #1 in law specialties for Trial Advocacy by U.S. News & World Report's Best Graduate School's of 2005. Well known alumni include Bill Cosby and poet Sonia Sanchez.
Bachelors, master's, and doctoral programs are offered through the College of Allied Health Professions, the College of Education, the College of Engineering, the College of Liberal Arts, the Boyer College of Music and Department of Dance, the College of Science and Technology, the Tyler School of Art, the Fox School of Business and Management, the School of Communications and Theater, the School of Dentistry, the Graduate School, the Beasley School of Law, the School of Medicine, the School of Pharmacy, the School of Podiatric Medicine, the School of Social Administration & Department of Health Studies, and the School of Tourism and Hospitality Management .
Student life thrives on all Temple campuses. Students have constant opportunities to attend movies, concerts, guest lectures, and performances of all kinds. More than 100 clubs and organizations provide outlets for socializing, competitive political debate (where Temple is a member of the competitive American Parliamentary Debating Association), community service, and more. Student-athletes compete in intercollegiate and intramural athletics. In 2004, the Princeton Review named Temple the fourth-most “connected campus” in the United States in its annual “Top 25 Most Connected Campuses” survey (* http://www.forbes.com).
Resident students, totaling nearly 5,000, live mainly in the high-rise dormitories and apartment-style residences on the Main Campus. However, students also live on the Ambler and Tyler campuses. Both coed and single-sex floors are available to accommodate student preferences. Additionally, wellness floors have taken off, asking students to vow to a healthy lifestyle.
The Independence Blue Cross Student Recreation Center provides 59,000 square feet of fitness facilities. The Rec Center is just one component of the Liacouras Center. Liacouras, the home court of perennially successful Temple basketball, also houses entertainment venues and a recreation center. In addition, the Student Pavilion, a multi-purpose, 4-court field house provides students with additional recreational space for volleyball, basketball, badminton, floor hockey, indoor soccer, tennis, golf, and much more.
The school's sports teams are called the Owls: this name comes from Temple's early days, when it was a night school. Their football team participates in the NCAA's Division I-A in the Big East Conference, but will be expelled from that conference after the 2004 season. The Owls are a member of the Atlantic Ten Conference for other sports. It's men's basketball team is part of the Big Five, the traditional designation for the rivalries between the Owls and their Philadelphia rivals: Penn, St. Joseph's, Villanova, and La Salle.
The Temple University Intercollegiate Athletic Program is nationally recognized, not simply because one of the University's most famous alums - worldwide ambassador of goodwill Bill Cosby - was a track and field and football star in the 1960s. The program is well known because of its outstanding achievements over an extended period of time.
Temple University was among the first institutions in the United States to sponsor extracurricular athletic activities for its students. Both the football and basketball programs were inaugurated back in 1894 under the direction of Coach Charles M. Williams.
On the hardwood, Temple is recognized as having won the first-ever National Collegiate championship in 1938, under Coach James Usilton. That Owls team, which finished with a sparkling 23-2 record, won the inaugural National Invitation Tournament by routing Colorado, 60-36, in the championship final. Because the NCAA Tournament was not held until the following year, Temple's NIT championship earned the Owls national title recognition. During the 1950s, the Temple basketball team made two NCAA Final Four appearances (1956, 1958) under legendary Head Coach Harry Litwack. Litwack would be inducted into the National Basketball Hall of Fame after concluding a 21-year coaching career that included 373 wins. Under current Head Coach John Chaney, the Owls have enhanced the tradition of excellence, having made 15 NCAA Tournament appearances in the past 16 seasons, including a school-record 10 straight following the 1998-99 campaign. Current NBA stars Eddie Jones of the Charlotte Hornets, Aaron McKie of the Philadelphia 76ers and Rick Brunson of the N.Y. Knicks continue to enhance Temple's proud basketball heritage.
Under the legendary Glenn S. "Pop" Warner, the Temple football program of the 1930s regularly scheduled games against the perennial heavyweights of the day. The Owls were playing teams such as Army, Florida, Iowa, Michigan State, Oklahoma, Penn State, SMU, Tennessee and Texas A&M, and winning with regularity. Between 1933 and 1938, Warner directed the Owls to 31 victories, and his 1934 team had the distinction of playing in the very first Sugar Bowl game in New Orleans. In 1979 the Owls posted their first and only bowl win with a 28-17 victory over California in the Garden State Bowl at the Meadowlands. The tradition of facing the nation's best teams on the gridiron continues, as the Owls have squared off against the likes of Miami, Penn State, Syracuse, Boston College, West Virginia and Virginia Tech on a regular basis in the current decade.
Temple's baseball program has played in two College World Series and its coach, veteran James "Skip Wilson, has guided the Owls to 901 career wins, including a recent trip to the Atlantic 10 Conference championship. Under Fred Turoff, the men's gymnastics team has won 12 ECAC/EIGL championships. Recently Darin Gerlach continued a long line of national success by winning an individual event national championship in 1998. Coach Gavin White's Temple crews of the past 17 years have won with regularity at Philadelphia's prestigious Dad Vail Regatta, in addition to several other events.
Additional men's programs with long and rich histories include soccer, golf and track and field. The soccer program, also established in 1926, produced five Olympians en route to surpassing the 500-win milestone in the fall of 1996.
In track and field, the late Eulace Peacock remains a giant in the history of the sport. In the mid-1930s, Peacock brought national attention to himself and the Temple program with a string of sprinting victories over famed Ohio State and Olympic Games star Jesse Owens.
Although women's athletics did not earn intercollegiate status until 1975, nor NCAA sanction until the early 1980s, Temple University established itself as a forerunner early in the century. As early as 1923, the University's women began participating on club sport teams. In fact, that year, Coach Blanche Voorhees guided an Owl basketball team to a perfect 12-0 record and also started a field hockey program. Additional sports for women followed: swimming in 1926, tennis in 1939, fencing in 1946, softball in 1949, lacrosse in 1957, and finally volleyball, track and field and gymnastics in 1975.
The modern era took root in 1974, when Temple named physical education instructor Veronica "Ronnie" Maurek to the dual role of head basketball and softball coach. When Maurek chose to coach only softball three years later, the University went outside the physical education department for the first time to hire its first modern-day full-time women's basketball coach, Andy McGovern. McGovern produced the Owls' first winning season of the modern era with a 14-10 mark in the 1979-80 season. Prior to the 1980-81 season, Temple named Linda MacDonald as its second full-time head coach and began the process of national recruiting and scheduling. By the 1988-89 season, MacDonald had produced the Owls' first team to qualify for the NCAA Tournament. In the 1983-84 campaign, Marilyn Stephens was named to the Kodak All-America team.
Under the direction of Tina Sloan-Green, and beginning in 1975, the Temple lacrosse program captured three national championships and has had individuals earn 43 All-American certificates. The tradition of excellence is carried on by current head coach Kim Ciarrocca, who was a member of the Owls' 1988 national championship club and guided her 1997 team into the NCAA Final Four.
Temple field hockey teams have finished among the NCAA's top 20 no less than 13 times in the last 15 seasons, while producing 24 All-Americans. Jane Catanzaro, a four-time All-American between 1987 and 1990, won the prestigious Honda Award in the 1990-91 academic year, for outstanding achievement and excellence in intercollegiate athletics.
Temple's fencing team has consistently been one of the nation's best under veteran head coach Nikki Franke. Between 1983 and 1995, Owl fencers competed in the NCAA championships every year and never finished lower than fifth. In 1992, Coach Franke's squad was crowned the NCAA champion in foil competition. Franke has been honored as national Coach of the Year on four occasions.
In 2005, by winning 25 straight games, a #15 national ranking and a trip to the NCAA Second Round for just the second time in school history, Temple Women's Basketball also upholds the reputation of Temple athletics. Women's Basketball coach Dawn Staley was the 2004 Atlantic 10 Coach of the Year, has won 74 games in her first four seasons, captured Temple’s only two conference championships and earned three postseason bids. In the summer of 2004 she captured her third Olympic Gold Medal , playing for team USA in the 2004 Games in Athens, Greece and was selected as the United States flag bearer for the opening ceremonies.
Onward with Temple. Banners all unfurled; Wide flung our standards, To the winds they're hurled. Following our founder to immortal fame; Making true his vision, Of a deathless name. Hail! Alma Mater, Honor, Praise to thee. We pledge our lives, Our hearts in loyalty. Wisdom, Truth, and Virtue Built our Temple great; Preseverence conquers Higher to create.
"T" for "Temple U" U-ni-versity! Fight, fight, fight! For the Cherry and the White, For the Cherry and the White, We'll fight, fight, fight!
The traditional symbol of the University is the Temple T. Early in his administration, President Peter J. Liacouras chose this particular version of a representational T which was created by students at the Tyler School of Art.
The T is stylized, geometric and logo-like and yet maintains a basic, identifiable form - a simple T, but one which is at the same time both simple and complex.
The owl is the symbol and mascot for Temple University and has been since its founding in the 1880's. Temple was the first school in the United States to adopt the owl as its symbol. Not as popular a mascot as the eagle or hawk, the owl nevertheless has special meaning for students at a dozen other four-year colleges and seven two-year colleges as well. However, only Rice University in Houston, Texas, plays football at the Division I-A level.
Story has it that the owl, a nocturnal hunter, was initially adopted as a symbol because Temple University began as a night school for ambitious young people of limited means. Russell Conwell , Temple's founder, encouraged these students with the remark: "The owl of the night makes the eagle of the day."
Since those modest beginnings more than a hundred years ago, the owl's role and significance have expanded along with those of the University.
The owl is accepted as a universal symbol for wisdom and knowledge and as such makes an excellent symbol and emblem for a center of learning. It must be remembered that the owl was the symbol of Athena, who was not only the goddess of wisdom , but was also the goddess of arts and skills and even of warfare. Because of its other attributes, the owl also makes an appropriate mascot for the athletic teams. Besides being perceptive and resourceful, quick and courageous, the owl is really a fierce fighter.
- Main Campus: Located in Philadelphia, about three miles north of Center City. The campus is bordered by Susquehanna Avenue to the north, Oxford Street to the south, 16th Street to the west, and 10th Street to the east.
- Center City: Adjacent to Philadelphia City Hall and Suburban Station, TU-Center City specializes in evening courses for working adults, and offers bachelor's and master's degrees in liberal arts and business.
- Ambler: Originally a junior college, TU-Ambler now has 325 faculty and 4,600 students on a 187 acre (757,000 m²) campus, and offers bachelor's and master's degree programs.
- Harrisburg: Located at Strawberry Square, TU-Harrisburg offers degrees in education, business, and social administration.
- Fort Washington: TU-Fort Washington offers graduate degrees in business, computer engineering, education, and pharmacy.
- Temple University Japan: Located in Tokyo, TUJ is the oldest and largest campus of any American university in Japan. It has 1,700 students, two-thirds of which are Japanese. The campus offers nine degree programs and also offers semester and year-long study abroad programs for undergraduates and law students.
Temple also operates its own summer programs on small campuses in London and Rome, and administers an LLM program in China (the only one of its kind) through a cooperative venture with Tsinghua University in Beijing.
- Ben Bova, science fiction author
- Richard Brooks, filmmaker
- Bill Cosby, comedian
- Edwin Duing Eshleman, former republican congressman
- Daryl Hall, musician
- Lois Hamilton, actress
- Trenton Doyle Hancock, artist
- Joe Hoeffel, former democratic congressman
- Paul E. Kanjorski, democratic congressman
- Bill Mensch, computer scientist
- Ronn Owens, radio talk show host
- James Parrish, football player
- Bob Saget, comedian
- Jim Saxton, former republican congressman
- Ed Sciaky, disc jockey
- Tom Sizemore, actor
- Dawn Staley, U.S. Olympic basketball
- John F. Street, Philadelphia mayor
- Vincent Fumo, democratic state senator
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