Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
The Original Series, Tenchi Muyo! Ryo-Ohki, was a six episode OVA (Original Video Animation or Direct-to-Home Video) series; released in Japan in 1991–92, and later in North America in 1992–93 by Pioneer USA (now Geneon Entertainment). As its popularity grew, it spurred a seventh episode (also known as the Tenchi Special) and the standalone Mihoshi Special. In 1994, the second OVA series was created and released, featuring episodes 8–13; these episodes explain each of the characters in more detail and introduces a new one. From 2003 to 2005, a third OVA series was released, with episodes 14–19, centering around the three goddesses introduced in the second OVA series. Currently it has been licensed by FUNimation for an American Release.
Several variations of the original series were created. The first of these was Tenchi Muyo!, TV Series (also known as Tenchi Universe), in 1995; it is a twenty-six episode TV series that retells the original series differently. Next, Shin Tenchi Muyo! (also known as Tenchi in Tokyo), in 1997, is yet a third version of the story, but this time centered in Tokyo with a girl named Sakuya Kumashiro. It is also a twenty-six episode TV series and many of the main characters had some personality changes. Because it is completely different from the OVAs and first TV series, Tenchi in Tokyo is not as popular among fans.
The manga is made by Hitoshi Okuda . The manga is published in English in North America by Viz Communications, as Tenchi Muyō! and No Need for Tenchi!. In Singapore it is published in English by Chuang Yi as No Need for Tenchi!.
Tenchi Muyo! GXP, released in 2001, goes back to the original OVA timeline; however this time the main character of this twenty-six episode TV series is Seina Yamada, a friend of Tenchi Masaki who accidentally joins the Galaxy Police. Unlike all previous Tenchi Muyo! incarnations, GXP was licensed in the United States by FUNimation and was released on DVD in early 2004.
Tenchi Muyo has also two complete spin-offs. The first, Pretty Sammy, the Magical Girl, in 1995, is a three episode OVA Series that centers around a girl named Sasami Kawai who magically becomes Pretty Sammy. The second, Pretty Sammy (also known as Magical Project S), in 1996, is an alternate version of the OVA storyline.
Before the popularity of series like Love Hina, Tenchi Muyo! set the benchmark for a series with a milquetoast/meek but kind male lead surrounded by attractive but often bizarre women, a subgenre which would later become a major facet of anime. These were later pejoratively called "harem comedy" or "harem anime," although, in the strictest sense, many shows given this title don't fit the bill.
Tenchi Muyo! was one of the early successes for AIC, the animation company behind it, which went on to create El-Hazard, Battle Athletes , Oh My Goddess!, Dual! Parallel Trouble Adventure and many other beloved anime series. The main artist for the series is Kajishima Masaki.
For many American fans, Tenchi Muyo! was the series that introduced them to anime, or cemented their love for it. It was one of the earliest animes shown on Cartoon Network, preceded by only a few such as Sailor Moon and Dragon Ball Z. Choosing TM! was a comparatively unusual situation, considering the censorship that had to be applied to make it suitable for a younger audience. Along with Robotech, Ranma ½ and others, Tenchi helped to firmly establish the American anime community in the 1990s.
The names are in English order, with the surname after the given name. Their names also involve quite a bit of wordplay. One of the features that a Westerner would most likely miss is that just about all the main characters are both connected to space aliens and are Japanese, instead of foreigners.
- Tenchi Masaki (柾木天地 Masaki Tenchi), the hero of the series and grandson of a Juraian prince named Yosho and a Airaian priestess named Airi. He gains possession of a 'Master Key' called 'Tenchi', otherwise known as Tenchi-ken ('Sword Tenchi' in the English dub), that can form a lightsabre-like blade. He later receives a special ring from Tsunami that can create a Juraian battlesuit for him and acts as a 'Guardian System', protecting him. However, Tenchi also has the innate ability to create kou-ou-yoku ('Light Hawk Wings' or 'Wings of the Light Hawk'). He also has the very special ability of 'material conversion', the ability to convert energy to matter and matter to energy without entropic loss. In the OVA, he initially lives in the city with his father and visits his grandfather's shrine every summer, where he trains to become a Shinto priest and learns his family's special style of swordmanship (which happens to be particular to members of Jurai's Royal Family). However, Ryuko beams the house aboard her ship, while escaping from Ayeka. After it crashes, the house is was permanently relocated in the family right next to his grandfather's shrine. Due to his serious and responsible nature, he is compelled to invite all of the girls live with him in his house. Though they tend to get on his nerves, he would never forsake any of them. In fact, he prefers this family-like arrangement.
- The Tenchi's name means 'Heaven and Earth'. It is the same as 'Tenchi' in the Shinto Kojiki which contains some Japan's oldest myths and legends.
- In the first TV series, Tenchi is similar in personality, but has no powers. Tenchi-ken is just a weapon and is not a Master Key, probably because there are also no intelligent Royal Trees in the TV series.
- In the second TV series, Tenchi is very different. He has no connections to Jurai and the Tenchi-Ken in that series is a Sword created from seven gems which he inhearted from his late mother. Ryoko separated the gems to prevent the Tenchi-Ken from being used against her again. Each of the six girls took six of the gems as a keepsake. Tenchi moved to Tokyo to train as a Shinto Priest under a friend of his Grandfathers. Eventually Tenchi got tired of the girls frequent visits and ordered them never to disturb him again, unaware it is all apart of Yugi's plan to separate the gems. At the end of the series Tenchi finds out that his family are the Planet Guardians whose job is to protect the planet from evil forces when the need arises.
- The Tenchi's name means 'Heaven and Earth'. It is the same as 'Tenchi' in the Shinto Kojiki which contains some Japan's oldest myths and legends.
- Ryoko (魎呼 Ryōko), a girl who is in love with Tenchi. In the original OVA series, she is a 5,000 year old wanted criminal resurrected by Tenchi. As a hybrid clone of one of Washu's ovum and Masu ('Mass'), a simple but powerful lifeform, Ryoko has a lot of powers. She also has access to and travels in a spaceship named Ryo-Oh-Ki. In addition, though unbeknownst to Ryoko herself, the three red round jewels that she has are Washu's jewels, which apparently have a connection to the power of Goddess Washu. Currently, Ryoko has only one of these gems, with the other two sealed in the master key, Tenchi-ken. She also enjoys drinking sake and is a bit of a alcoholic. In the OVA she merges with Zero a creation from Dr. Clay, Washu's rival, who had impersonated her. The result is it allows for Ryoko to have more emotional feelings. "Ryōko" is given to mean "spirit caller". While Ryoko is a common girl's name, it can also be given a more explicit reading of "dragon-and-tiger fight", referring to the sex act.
- In both TV series, Ryoko is an infamous space pirate and not related to Washu.
- Ayeka (阿重霞 Aeka, spelled Aeka in Singapore), a princess of Jurai who has found her way to Earth. She has a Royal Tree named Ryu-Oh and her Key is shaped as a ornament that she always wears. She is also infatuated with Tenchi. Her full name in the OVA is Ayeka Masaki Jurai (柾木阿重霞樹雷 Masaki Aeka Jurai). Ayeka is very formal (which comes across as snootiness), but most of her bad qualities are drawn out by Ryoko. The two constantly bicker, often over who is going to have Tenchi. In the OVA, Ayeka was once engaged to her half-brother Yosho. (In the Juraian Royal Family it is not uncommon to marry a close relative). When she came to live on the earth she found her brother's Royal Tree alive which meant he must still be alive. She eventually found out that Tenchi's grandfather, Katsuhito, is actually her brother, Yosho. Despite that revelation, she recognizes that she is actually in love with Tenchi and has chosen to continue pursuing him instead of her half-brother. The romanization of her name in the Pioneer English subtitles is "Ayeka" instead of "Aeka" to clarify its pronunciation for Western viewers. Her name is believed to be derived from "aekanaru", meaning "frail" or "delicate", which is her usual personality. An old reading of "aeka" is "willowy", or "requiring the assistance of a man". The tree is of course referenced in the "soul of the ship", and further connects to "spring" and the "awakening of sexual desire". In Japanese mythology, the willow tree is known as a "demon repeller", so she is the opposite of Ryōko in this regard as well.
- Sasami (砂沙美 Sasami), a princess of Jurai and Ayeka's little sister. She has a trigger-like key and her Royal Tree is Tsunami-no-ki. She is a sweet soul who does all the cooking, and is often the most reasonable person in the household despite her young age. In the OVA, her full name is Sasami Masaki Jurai (柾木砂沙美樹雷 Masaki Sasami Jurai). Like all the other girls, she is in love with Tenchi. She is Ryo-Oh-Ki's best friend (particularly in 'cabbit' form) and the two are usually found together. In the second Tv Series she is Ryo-Oh-Ki's owner. In the OVA, her very being is intertwined with the original Royal Tree of Jurai, Tsunami-no-ki, due to an accident that happened when she was young — when Sasami reaches adulthood, she will become Tsunami. On some posters, the kanji characters composing her name mean in turn "Sand Beach Beauty". Those shown here represent the colloquial Japanese word which means "little one" or "tyke".
- Washu Hakubi (白眉 鷲羽 Hakubi Washū), Washu, the greatest scientific genius in the universe, is a different character depending on the series. She has a number of innate powers but she rarely uses them, preferring to solve problems with reason or technology that she has designed. In the OVA, she is over 20,000 years old. Also in the OVA, she is the mother of Ryoko, and creator of the Souja and Ryo-Oh-Ki. She constantly tries to get that "last" bit of data from Tenchi, failing usually due to Mihoshi when she enters the lab. Like the other girls, she is love with Tenchi, despite the difference in their ages, though she disguises it as scientific interest. In the OVA, Washu's origin is simple, yet complex — she is in fact an incarnation of one of the three greatest goddesses (the 'Choushin') that govern the universe. Out of all the girls she is the most prudent and doesn't fall into enemy traps as easily as Tenchi or the other girls would. The kanji comprising her name mean "Japanese prisoner" serially, which refers to her original appearance, trapped in Kagato's ship, or when she was trapped in stasis for 700 years in the first TV series. But the name "Washū" is an ancient one for Japan; specifically, the region around Osaka, which recently became a technical center of Japan, also once known as Yamato. Washu's hair is in a form derivative of a certain costume from Noh plays, hair intended to resemble the (usually black) legs and claws of a crab. For her, it's a red crab, because this is a food specialty of Osaka.
- Mihoshi Kuramitsu (九羅密 美星 Kuramitsu Mihoshi) is a Galaxy Police detective. In the OVA, she constantly enters Washu's lab and breaks things, sleeps often, and is the most lucky of the Galaxy Police (though she is also quite competent). Mihoshi is love with Tenchi and thinks that their meeting was fated. In the OVA, in what has to be one of the best examples of "sometimes the apple does fall far from the tree", Mihoshi is actually a direct line descendant of Washu. In the OVA, her Grandfather is the Grand Marshall of the Galaxy Police, which means that she has access to the very best cutting edge technology that the GP has. She has a special custom cruiser controlled by the AI called Yukinojo and a special subspace cube that has many unknown features. Also has a weird form of luck that defies normal probabilities, enabling her to get into places that she should not be able to. Like Sasami she is a cheerful and carefree person. Although she is from another planet, she is one of a character type in Japanese popular fiction, reappearing in other anime: the girl who doesn't have to deal with the troubles of ordinary people, and who just lives in the sun, indicated by her tan. Her blonde hair refers to "the sun in her hair", a similar mark of special status. No antipathy to Westerners is intended by this type. Her name refers to the planet "Venus", but in the Western sense as "Pretty Star", not the Chinese sense of "metal star". In the TV series and movies, Mihoshi is partnered with a woman named Kiyone Makibi.
- Ryo-Ohki (魎皇鬼 Ryō'ōki), the cabbit. Ryo-Ohki is Ryoko's pet in the OVA and the Tenchi Universe series while Ryo-Ohki is Sasami's pet in Tenchi in Tokyo. In the OVA, when not being used for transport, Ryōko's ship transforms into a cabbit, a cross between a cat and a rabbit. Like her feline half, she is insatiably curious and constantly getting into trouble. Like her rabbit half, she can eat several times her own weight in carrots. In the OVA, Ryo-Ohki prefers to hang out with Sasami rather than Ryōko because Sasami is much nicer to her. Westerners utterly miss the huge build-up in that Ryo-Ohki literally means "Dragon King", and before its first appearance is considered a ruthless criminal ship that Mihoshi is pursuing. Later in the OVA and manga, thanks to an incident involving the raw material she was made from, Ryo-Ohki gains two "cabbit-girl" forms — an adult form and a child form. However she chose to remain with the child form because the adult form is too hard to walk with. The child form is considered unstable where the slightest shock will cause her to revert back to her cabbit form. In Tenchi in Tokyo she can transform into a giant pink mecha-like cabbit robot.
- Kiyone Makibi (真備清音 Makibi Kiyone) Kiyone, first appeared in the novels by Naoko Hasegawa, one of the scriptwriters for the first season of Tenchi Muyo! Ryo-Ohki OVA. She later appeared in the Tenchi Muyo! special "Galaxy Police Mihoshi's Space Adventure" and later became a staple in the TV series timeline, is Mihoshi's partner. Long-suffering and constantly dragged down by Mihoshi, (Even though she graduated from the Academy with Honors) who gets on Kiyone's nerves more than anyone's. Unlike Mihoshi she is a good detective and does know how to use the Galaxy Police Equipment properly. One thing she has in common with Tenchi is she is also a victim that is forced to live with him and the other girls on earth (In the first TV Series she and Mihoshi move into a low cost apartment because she doesn't want to be a burden on Tenchi). In the second Tv Series her personality is much different than it was in the first Tv Series. Kiyone does not appear in the OVA Canon — In the OVA continuity Tenchi's mother is named Kiyone and Mihoshi's old partner is Noike.
- Nobuyuki Masaki, Tenchi's father, who is not the sharpest knife in the drawer. Is also a Peeping Tom and tries to encourage Tenchi to be more active towards women. He is a descendant of Yosho. (Though he is a minor character in the OVA's only in both of the TV Series however he is more of a support character.)
- Katsuhito Masaki, Tenchi's grandfather (on his mother's side). In the OVA, Katsuhito Masaki, also known as Yosho (Yōshō), fled Jurai over 700 years ago to "retire" on Earth. He was once the greatest swordsman on Jurai. Tenchi's mother died when Tenchi was young. Currently Katsuhito is a Shinto Priest who is not only training Tenchi be a Shinto priest but also the knowledge of his Jurai Swordsmanship skills so Tenchi can be his successor. Yosho was arranged to be married to Ayeka, but left. Since he is half Earthling, it would have caused a controversy on Jurai. Not all Juraians liked the idea of mixed blood heritages and he used Ryoko's attack as an excuse to slip away to Earth. In the OVA, he expected that Ayeka was trying to track him down and arranged for Tenchi to fight Ryoko so that his grandson would go in his place to Jurai. However, he miscalculated and things did not go as planned. In the first TV series he is still known as Yosho and is related to Jurai's royal family, but is not a close relative to Ayeka or Sasami.
- Azaka and Kamidake, Ayeka's Guardians who serve and protect Ayeka. Though they are not around her all the time they come whenever she needs them. They can generate a barrier that allows them to protect Ayeka and paralyze their target though their powers pale in comparision to the power held by the Royal Trees of Jurai. In the OVA they are minor characters and serve as doorposts to the Masaki home whenever they are not needed. In the first TV series storyline they actually have been downloaded with the personalities of the two legendary Jurai knights to whom they are named after. Near the end of the series the original Azaka and Kamidake are resurrected by Yosho. This is because Yosho knows that they are going to need their help against Kagato. In the second Tv series They have some hidden beam armaments hidden behind their log shells.
- Azusa, the Emperor of Jurai. Only appears in the OVA. Azusa is the father of Yosho, Ayeka, and Sasami. He strongly disapproves of Ayeka's interest in Tenchi, and also greatly underestimates Tenchi's abilities. He is the head of House Masaki, though Funaho rules the house while he is on the throne of Jurai.
- Funaho, the First Queen of Jurai. Only appears in the OVA. Funaho is Azusa's first wife, and the mother of Yousho. She also serves as Jurai's Minister of Intelligence, and sees right through Yosho's "Katsuhito" disguise. She is a distant descendant of Masaki, the sister of the first ruler of Jurai, but considers herself to be an Earthling.
- Misaki, the Second Queen of Jurai. Only appears in the OVA. Misaki is Azusa's second wife, and the mother of Ayeka and Sasami. She possesses immense physical strength, and is the commander of the royal bodyguards. She is from House Kamiki of the Royal Family.
- Nagi, the bounty hunter. She is a character in the first TV series only. In the first TV series, Nagi is a recurring character who is obsessed with capturing the one fugitive to ever elude her: the space pirate Ryoko. Like Ryoko, Nagi has spiky light-blue hair and elongated ears, suggesting that they could be of the same species. However, Nagi has no special powers, and instead must rely on a sword, an energy whip, and her impressive fighting skills in combat. She is known as the best bounty hunter in the universe. At the end of the series she passes on a chance to fight Ryoko because she is badly injured from her previous battle against Kagato. She decides to help the group against the Jurai fleet because she doesn't want anyone else to take Ryoko's life. She is able to hold off the main fleet for awhile allowing Tenchi to go face Kagato. She also has her own pet cabbit, which serves as a spaceship. However, Ken-Ohki is male, and madly in love with Ryo-Ohki.
- Sakuya Kumashiro is a character from the second Tv series. Tenchi meets her after he moves to Tokyo to begin his Shinto Priest training. She takes a liking to him which gets on the Tenchi girl's nerves, particually Ryoko and Ayeka. Eventually Tenchi starts to care for her to and they spend a lot of time together. However; Washu, who was the only one not fooled by Yugi's plan suspected that Sakuya might be a part of Yugi's plan whever she knows it or not. Washu is able to analyze Sakuya secretly and discovers she is Yugi's Shadow. Yugi ends up destroying all traces of Sakuya's identity causing all the normal people to forget about her. Shortly afterwards Yugi is successful in reabsorbing Sakuya back into herself and Tenchi was a little late to save her after Washu told him the truth about Sakuya.
- Minagi, who exists only in the [manga] adaptation of Tenchi Muyo, looks exactly like Ryoko, with the exception of two crescent-shaped marks on her cheeks. From a genetic standpoint she would be considered Ryoko's daughter, but considers herself Ryoko's younger sister. She was created artificially when Yakage, an apprentice of Washu, stole a sample of Ryoko's DNA and spliced it with his own. While similar in both appearance and abilities to her "sister", Minagi is very different in personality. She is highly enthusiastic, very polite, and shows no interest in alcohol. While Minagi becomes a pirate, her activities are more akin to the stories of Zorro or Robin Hood than to Ryoko's former career, as she targets only corrupt governments and merchants.
- Noike is a character introduced in the third OVA series. She is the adopted daughter of Seto Kamiki Jurai, grandmother of Ayeka and Sasami. She was also at one time both a Galaxy Police Officer, and Mihoshi's partner. She is sent to Earth supposedly after being selected by Seto as Tenchi's fiancée, and soon becomes as much a member of his extended family as the other girls. However, it is quickly revealed that this is only a cover story, and that she is actually there to monitor the situation in the Masaki home; with so many powerful and important people living under one roof, the Juraians are keen to keep a check on them all. Her past is a mysterious one, and she frequently suffers from upsetting dreams or visions of a young girl being rescued by a figure who resembles Tenchi, an event she has no memory of.
- Kagato is the main villain in the first season of the OVA series and first TV series. What impresses Mihoshi most about his record is that for centuries he has been plundering and destroying sacred sites around the universe. The collar of his costume resembles a clerical one, and on it he wears a three-armed emblem composed of the same sort of arms that a crucifix is made of. The interior of his ship has an organ and in its two rows of gothic arches resembles a Christian cathedral. It is named the Sōja, which means "temple consecrated to several gods," and so refers to the plundered artefacts. Thus is a powerful opponent of all these Japanese characters (except Kiyone) concocted. The significance of these references is lost on Westerners. His name is given in kanji as "God Ego Man" but in common Japanese, the name merely means "heel".
- In the first OVA series, Kagato was once Washu's student, and assisted her in creating Ryoko before capturing Washu in her own ship, Souja, which he took as his own. Like Ryoko, he is a Masu-hybrid humanoid and due to his high willpower, can seize control of Ryoko to have her do his bidding. For five thousand years, Kagato scoured the galaxy for hints of the secret of Jurai's power, which he believed was connected to the ultimate power of the universe. Every time he examined a location for clues, he would destroy it after he finished, ensuring that no one else could replicate his research. Eventually he discovered that Jurai's power came from the original Royal Tree called Tsunami, but his plan to capture her was thwarted by Tenchi, who killed Kagato in single combat.
- In the first TV series, he has a different appearance than his OVA counterpart, is connected to Jurai's Royal Family, and was a great swordsman. He would have been the legendary swordsman instead of Yosho but he had been obsessed with power, Yosho defeated him and then disappeared from Jurai. Kagato's name was erased from Jurai's records. But years later Kagato would return to pose as Yosho, having discovered Eternal Youth, and became Jurai's King. He then framed Ayeka for treason, which was all part of his plan for vengeance against Yosho. This forces the Tenchi Family to leave Earth to journey to Jurai to clear their names.
- Dr. Clay is the a the main agatongist from the second OVA series. He was a collegue of Washu, prior to her capture by Kagato, and was highly jealous of her superior intelligence. At some point, he came into the employ of a mysterious and powerful extra-dimensional being known as Lady Tokimi, who ordered him to bring Washu to her. To this end, Clay had his creation Zero replace Ryoko, copying her form, powers, and even memories. However, Zero also did something she was supposed to be incapable of: she copied Ryoko's emotions, which led her to defy her creator. In the end, Clay was arrested by Mihoshi, and the dying Zero was merged with Ryoko. However, Tokimi's servant D3 modified the memories of both Clay and Zero to conceal Tokimi's existence.
- Z is the antagonist of the third OVA series, though his first on-screen appearance was in the second (albeit in silhouette only) OVA's short clip Here Comes Jurai Part 2. Serving Lady Tokimi, he is given orders to monitor Tenchi Masaki but not to interfere with him. He immediately disobeys her orders, and when he tampers with a communication from Mihoshi to her family, he sets in motion the chain of events that make up much of the story of the third OVA series. When his attempt to manipulate others into killing Tenchi fails, he attacks him directly in an attempt to eliminate him as a rival. Z is a being of great power, even capable of punching holes through planets seemingly without effort, and like Tenchi he can produce kou-ou-yoku ('Light Hawk Wings'), five of them to Tenchi's three.
- Yugi is the main antagonist from the second Tv Series. She is a Mutant Juraian created 3,500 years ago. She caused trouble on Jurai, until she was sealed away by Empress Hinase. Her pod landed on earth and she laid dormant until an earthquake broke the seal. She wants to build a kingdom on earth which she couldn't do on Jurai. But first she had to separate Tenchi and the girls because the Planet Guardian Gems which form the Tenchi-ken are the only thing that can interfere with her plan. So she creates Sakuya Kumashiro to help manipulate Tenchi to help keep him separated from the girls when he moved to Tokyo for Shinto Priest Training and also created three servents Hotsuma, Tsugaru, and Matori to help carry out her mission. She also takes a liking to Sasami after they meet in Tokyo and wants to include her in her kingdom, but is unaware that Sasami has no interest in that sort of thing.
- Pioneer's Official Tenchi Muyo! Site
- AIC's Official Tenchi Muyo! Site
- Formerly the Unofficial AIC BBS FAQ and now the Tenchi Muyo! FAQ
- Anime on DVD Essential Tenchi Muyo! — the brief overview of the series
- Tenchi Muyo! Primer - the overview of each series of Tenchi Muyo!
- Tenchi Muyo Another Universe — Very Useful Resource Site coving all of the Tenchi Series, Movies, and Spin-Offs as well as the latest news.
- Tenchi in Tokyo — Wiki dedicated to the Tenchi anime series.
- Tenchi Muyo Information Archives — Has a archive of screenshots from Tenchi Episodes and has a Character Guide that explains the character differences between each of the Tenchi series.
The contents of this article is licensed from www.wikipedia.org under the GNU Free Documentation License. Click here to see the transparent copy and copyright details