Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Terni, (Latin: Interamna Nahars ) an ancient town of Italy, capital of Terni province in southern Umbria, 42°33N, 12°39E, at 130 meters (427 ft) above sea-level in the plain of the Nera river . It is 104 km (65 mi) N of Rome, 36 km (23 mi) NW of Rieti , and 29 km (18 mi) S of Spoleto. Its population according to the 2003 census was 106,000.
The city was probably founded in the 7th century BC by the Umbri . Today it lies on the rail line from Rome to Ancona, and is the point of departure for the branch line to Rieti and L'Aquila, is the seat of a university, and is one of the most important industrial towns of Umbria.
- Roman amphitheater
- a small Roman gate, much restored
- Duomo S. Maria Assunta (17th century)
- church of S. Francesco
- basilica of S. Valentino
- S. Alò
- S. Martino
- S. Salvatore
Notable natives of Terni
The Roman emperor Tacitus, Saint Valentine; Francesco Angeloni, Anastasio De Filis , Giulio Briccialdi , Alessandro Casagrande , Libero Liberati, Mario Umberto Borzacchini, Orneore Metelli , Cesare Bazzani , Virgilio Alterocca .
The Roman historian Tacitus is often stated to have been born in Terni, but there is no evidence for the claim, which is circumstantially based on the probable birth there of the emperor of the same name, and on the attested fact that that emperor took care to have his namesake's works widely copied, in the apparent belief that they were related.
The case of St. Valentine is more complex, since there was undoubtedly an early bishop of Terni by that name, who is the city's patron. In late Antiquity, however, the name was a common one, and the bishop has become conflated with several other saints, the most important of whom, the soldier saint, was probably not from Terni.
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