Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Territorial authorities of New Zealand
Territorial authorities is the formal term for the second tier of local government in New Zealand, below regional councils. There are 74 territorial authorities: 16 city councils, 57 district councils and the Chatham Islands Council. Five territorial authorities (Nelson City Council, Gisborne, Tasman and Marlborough District Councils and the Chatham Islands Council) also perform the functions of a regional council and thus are known as unitary authorities. Territorial authority districts are not subdivisions, as such, of regional council districts and some of them fall within more than one regional council area. Franklin District Council, for example, falls within both the Auckland and Waikato regional council areas.
For standard abbreviations of names, see ISO 3166-2:NZ.
- Northland Regional Council
- Auckland Regional Council
- Waikato Regional Council (Environment Waikato)
- Thames-Coromandel District Council
- Franklin District Council (part)
- Hauraki District Council
- Waikato District Council
- Matamata-Piako District Council
- Hamilton City Council
- Waipa District Council
- South Waikato District Council
- Otorohanga District Council
- Rotorua District Council (part)
- Waitomo District Council
- Taupo District Council (part)
- Bay of Plenty Regional Council (Environment BOP)
- Gisborne District Council (unitary authority)
- Hawke's Bay Regional Council
- Taranaki Regional Council
- Manawatu-Wanganui Regional Council (Horizons Regional Council; horizons.mw)
- Wellington Regional Council (Greater Wellington Regional Council; Greater Wellington -- The Regional Council)
- Tasman District Council (unitary authority)
- Nelson City Council (unitary authority)
- Marlborough District Council (unitary authority)
- West Coast Regional Council
- Canterbury Regional Council (Environment Canterbury)
- Otago Regional Council
- Southland Regional Council (Environment Southland)
- Chatham Islands Council (district) [*]
[*] With the exception of Hutt City Council and Chatham Islands Council, each territorial authority is directly named after the area it covers (with just the word "Council" added). Hutt City Council covers Lower Hutt City (Lower Hutt City (Name of City Council) Act 1991). The Chatham Islands Council covers a district known as Chatham Islands Territory, and has no encompassing region (Chatham Islands Council Act 1995).
There are eight islands where the Minister of Local Government is the territorial authority, three of which have a 'significant population and/or permanent buildings and structures.'
Changes since 1989
- 1991: Invercargill re-proclaimed a city.
- 1992: (by a Local Government Amendment Act) Abolition of Nelson-Marlborough Regional Council - Kaikoura was transferred to the Canterbury Region, and Nelson City and two districts (Tasman and Marlborough) became unitary authorities.
- 1995: Chatham Islands County dissolved and reconstituted as a district council with regional council functions by a special Act of Parliament.
- 2004: Tauranga became a city again on 1 March.
Reports on completed reorganisation attempts since 1999 are available on the Commission's site (link below).
External links and sources
- Local Government Services at the Department of Internal Affairs site (includes the Local Government Directory at the bottom of the page)
- Local Government Commission site
- Local Government Online Limited site (portal site owned by the Society of Local Government Managers and the Association of Local Government Information Management)
- Local Government New Zealand region and district boundaries - North Island
- Local Government New Zealand region and district boundaries - South Island
- Statistics New Zealand clickable map for local body and area unit detail over all NZ
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