Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
The Parker Pen Company
George Parker, the founder, had previously been a sales agent for the John Holland Gold Pen Company . He received his first fountain pen related patent in 1889. In 1894 Parker received a patent on his "Lucky Curve" feed, which was claimed to draw excess ink back into the pen body when the pen was not in use. The Lucky Curve feed was used in various forms until 1928.
From the 1920?s to the 1960?s?up until the ascendance of the ballpoint pen?Parker was either number one or number two in worldwide writing instrument sales. Manufacturing facilities were set up over the years in Canada, England, Denmark, France, Mexico, and Argentina. Parker pens were frequently selected (often as favorite pens of the signers) to sign important documents such as the World War II armistices, and commemorative editions were sometimes offered.
A management buyout in 1987 moved the company headquarters to Newhaven, England . In 1993 Parker was acquired by the Gillette Company, which already owned BIC Corporation, makers of the best-selling disposable ballpoint. Gillette sold the writing instruments division in 2000 to Newell Rubbermaid , whose own Stationery Division, Sanford, became the largest in the world owning such brand names as Rotring, Sharpie, Reynolds as well as Parker, PaperMate, Waterman and Liquid Paper.
Key models in the company?s history include: Jointless (1899), Jack Knife Safety (1909), Duofold (1921), Vacumatic (1932), 51 (1941), Jotter (1954), 61 (1956), 75 (1964), Duofold International (1987), and Sonnet (1993).
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