Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
- This article is on "The Sims" video game. For games beginning with "Sim", see List of Sim games.
The Sims is a strategy/simulation computer game, created by game designer Will Wright and published by Maxis. First released in January 2000, and with over 6 million copies sold worldwide, it is heralded as the best-selling PC game in history. Like other Maxis games, such as the earlier SimCity (also designed by Wright), The Sims is sometimes described as a "god game": a game that lets you create and control the lives of virtual people.
As with previous Maxis games, The Sims is a departure from most previous computer games, which tend to have a definite goal or objective. Instead, the game focuses entirely on virtual people called "Sims", placing the player in control of a "virtual dollhouse", controlling their daily activities such as sleeping, eating, cooking and bathing, to name a few. Will Wright, the game's designer, likes to refer to it as a "digital toy".
Instead of objectives, the player is encouraged to make their own choices and engage fully in an interactive environment. As such, the game has successfully attracted casual gamers. The only real objective of the game is to organize the time of their Sims to help them reach personal advancement goals.
Sims have a certain amount of free will, and although you can instruct them to do something, they may decide that something else needs to be done first, or even outright ignore your commands. The player must make decisions about time spent in personal development, such as exercise, reading, creativity, and logic, by adding activities to the daily agenda of the Sims. Daily maintenance requirements must also be scheduled, such as personal hygiene, eating, and sleep. If the simulated humans do not receive the proper amount of maintenance, they will sicken and die. Furthermore, Sims need to have fun in their lives; if they don't, the fun level bar eventually lowers and they become depressed, but however depressed they become, they are unable to commit suicide (as they are not programmed to). They are, however, able to be nasty to other Sim characters by insulting them, slapping them and even attacking them. Financial health is simulated by the need to send the sims to find jobs, go to work, pay bills, and take advantage of personal development and social contacts to advance in their jobs.
In addition, the game includes a very advanced architecture system. In fact, the game was originally designed as an architecture simulation alone, with the Sims only there to evaluate the houses. During development it was decided that the Sims were more interesting than the houses and a legacy was born. (Incidentally, the Sim City game was originally designed only as a method for developers to create cities to include in a bomber game that Wright was creating.)
The inner structure of the game is actually an agent based artificial life program.
The presentation of the game's artificial intelligence is very advanced, and the sims will respond to outside conditions by themselves, although often the player/controller's intervention is necessary to keep them on the right track. The Sims technically has unlimited replay value, in that there is no way to win the game, and you can play on indefinitely. It has been described as more like a toy than a game.
There are some limitations to The Sims, most notably that children never grow up to become adults, though babies do eventually become children. Also adult Sims never age, and there is no concept of a weekend. For example, the adult Sims go to work every day and the child Sims go to school every day.
Sims are directed totally on the basis of instructing them to interact with another object, be that a television set, a radio, or another sim. Sims may receive house guests, which are actually based on the sims of other game files. The player cannot control 'visiting' Sims, although it is important for Sims to interact with one another in order to develop a healthy social life.
Whilst there is no eventual objective to the game, a state of failure does exist as sims may die. The types of death include starvation, drowning, perishing in a fire, electrocution and by virus (contracted from a pet guinea pig, which can happen when its cage is left dirty). In addition, child sims can be sent to military school if their school grades remain at F for several consecutive days. When sent to military school, children never return to the family. Although considered a state of failure, many players occasionally deliberately mistreat their sims to observe the reactions. This can be done with no consequences if the game state is not saved.
The Sims uses a combination of 3D and 2D graphics techniques. The sims themselves are rendered as high-poly-count 3D objects, but the house, and all its objects are pre-rendered, and displayed dimetrically.
In 2002, The Sims became the top-selling PC game in history, displacing the game Myst. It has been a success in many ways—attracting casual gamers and female gamers (which account for 50% of sales)—unusual in a market traditionally dominated by young males. However, due to the game's immense success, questions have been raised about the game's values; notably concerns about the game's seemingly blatant consumerism—the most reliable way to become happy is to buy things. The game does take some account of this; a larger house may in fact make lives for the Sims more difficult as they take a longer time to walk around to do things.
That The Sims reflect aspects of reality makes the game itself of note, especially as virtually every entertainment program prior used one or more aspects of fantasy to entertain (from Disney characters to alien ships). Simple, real-life situations, such as adopting children or forming relationships (both opposite and / or same-sex) replace merely earning points and advancing to the "final boss level".
Open-ended gameplay has been done before in games, such as the farming-based simulation series Harvest Moon (originally released for the Super Nintendo), but The Sims has certainly gained popularity for this particular style of gameplay. Games such, such as Nintendo's Animal Crossing (for GameCube), have capitalized upon its success.
The Sims is one of the most heavily exploited computer game franchises ever. It has more expansion packs than any other game. Here is a partial list of expansion packs available for The Sims (more or less in chronological order):
- The Sims Livin' Large (released August 2000), also known as Livin' It Up: Adds more objects, events and Sims and the ability to have multiple neighborhoods
- The Sims House Party (released March 2001): Adds party-related content, such as lighted dance floors
- The Sims Hot Date (released November 2001): Allows Sims to pick up other Sims for romantic encounters in a new city environment
- The Sims Vacation (released March 2002), also known as On Holiday: Allows you to take Sims to various vacation destinations, such as beaches and the woods for camping
- The Sims Unleashed (released September 2002): Gives Sims the ability to adopt and train a wide variety of pets and expands the neighborhood
- The Sims Superstar (released May 2003): Allows your Sims to visit a Hollywood-like town and become celebrities
- The Sims Makin' Magic (released October 2003): Allows your Sims to use magic and cast spells and introduces a new Magic Town area
The Sims is now available as The Sims Deluxe Edition . It is not an expansion to the game, but a repackaging of the game along with the Livin' Large expansion and an editor, The Sims Creator to create sim skins.
A newer repackaging is available, called The Sims Double Deluxe . It includes The Sims Livin' Large, The Sims House Party, The Sims Creator tool and exclusive Double Deluxe content.
Another package, The Sims Mega Deluxe , was released on May 25, 2004. It includes the original game along with The Sims Livin' Large, The Sims House Party, and The Sims Hot Date.
The Sims Online
In December 2002, Maxis shipped The Sims Online, which recreates The Sims as a MMORPG, where actual human players can interact with each other. If the online game had included what some called the "spark" of the original single player game, it might have reached a very high status among MMORPG. Unfortunately, that has not been the case.
Although not entirely a flop, reviews for The Sims Online have been lackluster. Many reviewers have likened The Sims Online experience to an enormous chat room where few participants, if any, have anything worthwhile to say.
Of particular interest are reports that the community has degenerated heavily, verging on the anarchistic. Prostitution and other questionable activities are now commonplace. Naturally, this raises into question the ability for games such as this to be properly moderated.
The Sims 2
Maxis released The Sims 2 on September 14, 2004. The sequel takes place in a full 3D environment, as opposed to the combination 2D/3D ("2.5-D or Isometric") environment of the original game. Other additions to the original gameplay include Sims that grow from infancy to adulthood, then age and eventually die, Sims go through a three-day pregnancy (in the first game, babies just appear), there are now clear "days of the week" with obvious weekends for children to stay home from school, as well as "vacation days" to take time off work, an "Aspiration Meter" that increases and decreases as a Sim fulfills specific desires and experiences its worst fears, and "Aspiration Rewards" which are given to your family when certain goals, like having a baby, are completed. Each individual Sim has a specific aspiration, either Romance, Family, Fortune, Knowledge or Popularity, which affects their individual wants and fears. During the toddler and child life stages, all sims have the aspiration to grow up, which is fulfilled by learning the essential life skills appropriate to those ages (including learning to walk and talk and being potty trained for toddlers and learning to study for children).
- The Sims (released on November 2002), first version of Sims in consoles.
- The Sims Bustin' Out (released December 2003): the second version console-based version of The Sims as an RPG where you guide your Sims to move into Malcolm's Mansion. You can play with two players and visit external ambients.
- The Urbz: Sims in the City (released November 2004): This version renames the "Sims" to "Urbz" and gives them attitudes. "The Urbz" is based in a crowded, dingy, hustling and bustling urban environment.
- The Macintosh computers received a port of the first version of The Sims and a port of the second part is announced for June.
These cheats apply specifically the Windows versions of The Sims. The cheat window is opened by pressing Ctrl+Shift+C:
- Type "rosebud" for 1000 Simoleans
- Type "rosebud; ;" and hold down the enter key for large sums of Simoleans
- Type "move_objects on" to be able to move objects out of the normal so-called "Out of Bounds" areas. This mode can be disabled with the code "move_objects off".
Fan and resource sites
- The Sims Wiki (Wikicities)
- WorldSims Forums
- The Sims Downloads and addons
- The Sims programmer Don Hopkins' web site
- Sims Showcase features the latest updates of fan sites
- Sims Resource, a site for Sims 1 and 2
- a Wiki user site about the Sims 1 and 2
- The Sims Zone
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