Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Third Anglo-Dutch War
As a result of this treaty, England was forced to join France when it invaded the Netherlands in 1672. The German states Münster and Cologne (Dutch: Keulen) also took part in the invasion. French troops occupied large parts of the country, until they were stopped by the Dutch "water line" (Dutch: waterlinie), a deliberate flooding to protect most vital parts of the Netherlands. In Dutch history, the year 1672 subsequently became known as the "Year of Disaster" (Dutch: 'Rampjaar'). A Dutch saying was coined: 'Radeloos, redeloos, reddeloos', meaning: Desperate (the leaders), lost to reason (the people), unsavable (the country). Obviously, subsequent events alleviated this mood of utter despair.
When the Dutch allied themselves with Spain — which had been itself at war with the Netherlands until 1648 — France withdrew its forces from the territory of the Republic in 1673. England was forced to sign the Treaty of Westminster on February 19, 1674 as the parliament would not allow more money to be spent on the war.
- Anglo-Dutch Wars
- History of England
- British military history
- History of the Netherlands
- New Amsterdam
- Painting of Anglo-Dutch sea battle (National Maritime Museum London ).
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