Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Sowell grew up in Harlem and attended Stuyvesant High School in New York City, dropping out at the age of 17 when his family could no longer afford to pay. After serving in Marines, he earned an A.B. in Economics from Harvard College, an A.M. in Economics from Columbia University, and a Ph.D. in Economics from the University of Chicago, known for its Chicago school of economics. Sowell has taught at prominent American universities including Cornell University and UCLA, and since 1980 has been a Senior Fellow at the Hoover Institution of Stanford University, where he holds the fellowship named after Rose and Milton Friedman. The latter was one of his professors. 
Dr. Sowell is nearly unique in that he is both a popular columnist and a respected academic economist.
Besides scholarly writing, Dr. Sowell has written books, articles and syndicated columns for a general audience, in such publications as Forbes Magazine, The Wall Street Journal, and major newspapers. Sowell primarily writes on economic subjects, in which he generally advocates a laissez-faire free market approach to capitalism. Sowell also writes on racial topics (he is himself African-American), and is a critic of affirmative action,, which has made him a controversial figure.
He has a regular column that appears on the conservative Townhall.com website. Dr. Sowell is a staunch critic of liberal media bias,,,,; judicial activism ,,,; partial birth abortion; gay marriage; and opposed the removal of Terri Schiavo's feeding tube. Conversely, he defends the internment of Japanese in WW2 and profiling terrorist suspects today; and is a supporter of just war, and includes the war in Iraq as one.,
- Sowell, Thomas (2002). A Conflict of Visions: Ideological Origins of Political Struggles, Basic Books, ISBN 0465081428
- Sowell, Thomas (2004). Affirmative Action Around the World: An Empirical Study, Yale University Press, ISBN 0300101996
- Sowell, Thomas (2004). Basic Economics: A Citizen's Guide to the Economy, Revised and Expanded, Basic Books, ISBN 0465081452
- Sowell, Thomas (2003). Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One ISBN 0465081436
- Sowell, Thomas (1996). The Vision of the Anointed: Self-Congratulation As a Basis for Social Policy, Basic Books, ISBN 046508995-X
- Sowell, Thomas (1975). Race and Economics, David McKay Company Inc, ISBN 067930262X
- Sowell, Thomas (2005). Black Rednecks and White Liberals, Encounter Books, ISBN 1594030863
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