Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Titles Deprivation Act 1917
The First World War broke out following the assassination of the heir-apparent to the throne of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria by a Serbian nationalist in June of 1914. The United Kingdom entered the war against Germany and its allies in August.
The British Royal Family was closely related to its German enemies. Victoria, who ruled during most of the nineteenth century, married the German Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. George V was the first cousin of the German Emperor William II. Many members of the Royal Family who enjoyed royal or noble titles aided the enemy, leading to a call for the deprivation of their titles. In 1915, several Knights of the Most Noble Order of the Garter were struck off the Rolls of the Order. Individuals, however, could not be struck off the Peerage Rolls except by Act of Parliament. In 1917, therefore, the Parliament passed the Titles Deprivation Act authorising the deprivation of peerage titles, as well as princely dignities.
Deprivation of Titles
The Act allowed the King to establish a committee of the Privy Council, which was to include at least two members of the Judicial Committee. The committee was empowered to take evidence and report the names of peers or British princes who served in an enemy military force, or rendered assistance to or voluntarily resided in an enemy nation. The report was then required to be laid before both Houses of Parliament; if within forty days, neither House passed a motion disapproving of it, it was to be submitted to the King, whereupon all individuals whose name was contained therein was to be struck off the rolls of the Peerage and was to lose all British Royal styles and titles. Thereafter, a successor of a peer deprived of his title as aforementioned was allowed to petition the Crown for a restoration of the dignity; the petition was to be referred to a committee of the Privy Council, which could recommend that the petitioner be reinstated.
Under the Act, the King appointed to the committee:
- Robert Bannatyne Finlay, 1st Baron Finlay (The Lord Chancellor)
- William Mansfield, 1st Viscount Sandhurst (The Lord Chamberlain)
- Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 6th Marquess of Lansdowne
- Robert Offley Ashburton Crewe-Milnes, 1st Marquess of Crewe
- Richard William Davenport Legh, 3rd Baron Newton
- Arthur John Bigge, 1st Baron Stamfordham
- John Andrew Hamilton, Baron Sumner
- HRH Prince Charles Edward, Duke of Albany (also Earl of Clarence and Baron Arklow)
- HRH Ernest Augustus of Hanover, 3rd Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale (also Earl of Armagh)
- HRH Prince Ernest Augustus
- Henry Taaffe, 12th Viscount Taaffe (also Baron Ballymote)
The contents of this article is licensed from www.wikipedia.org under the GNU Free Documentation License. Click here to see the transparent copy and copyright details