Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Tlaxcala is the name of both a state of Mexico and of that state's capital city. This article is about the state. For the city, see Tlaxcala, Tlaxcala.
Tlaxcala is bordered to the west by the state of México, to the northwest by Hidalgo, and to the north, east, and south by Puebla. The state consists of 60 municipalites. It covers an area or 4,037 km² and is thus the smallest of Mexico's states. According to the 2000 census, Tlaxcala had a population of some 962,000 (51.2% female and 48.8% male). The state's main exports are textiles, chemicals, and pharmaceuticals.
The state governor from 1998 to 2003 was Alfonso Abraham Sánchez Anaya of the PRD, representing an alliance between the PRD and the Green Ecological Party of Mexico (PVEM) and Labour Party (PT). The current governor is Héctor Ortiz Ortiz , representing a PAN/PT alliance.
The state capital is the city of Tlaxcala, Tlaxcala, a small provincial center that reported a population of 73,184 in the 2000 census. The city was founded in 1520 by Hernán Cortés on the site of a pre-existing Native American settlement. It is located at 19.31° N, 98.24° W.
Tlaxcala was an independent nation in pre-Columbian times, never conquered by the Aztecs. The assistance of the Tlaxcaltecas was of instrumental importance to Hernán Cortés in his conquest of Mexico in the early 16th century.
- Official State Site (in Spanish only)
- Tlaxcala on visitmexico.com – tourist information (English language)
- Towns, cities, and postal codes in Tlaxcala (in Spanish)
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