Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Qing Ming Jie (Chinese: 清明節; English name used in Hong Kong: Ching Ming Festival; pinyin: qīng míng jié), literally Pure Brightness Festival, is a traditional Chinese festival on the 106th day after the winter solstice, occurring on April 4 (leap years) or April 5 (other years) of the Gregorian calendar (see Chinese calendar). It marks the middle of spring and above all, a sacred day of the dead. It is not a public holiday in mainland China but is in Taiwan, ROC, as well as in the Chinese SARs, Hong Kong and Macau.
Burning paper gifts for the departed.
Tomb Sweeping Day is the most common English translation and is used in several English language newspapers published in the Republic of China.
For the Chinese, it is a day to remember and honour one's ancestors. Young and old pray before the ancestors, sweep the tombs and offer food and libation to the ancestors. The rites are very important to most Chinese and especially farmers.
The April Fifth Movement and the Tiananmen Incident were major events involving Qing Ming Jie that took place in the history of the People's Republic of China. When Premier Zhou Enlai passed away in 1976, thousands visited him during the festival to pay respect. In the Republic of China, April 5th coincides with the passing of Chiang Kai-shek and the date is designated as a national holiday.
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