Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Toronto City Centre Airport
The Toronto City Centre Airport in Toronto, Ontario is a regional airport located on the northwestern portion of Centre Island, one of the Toronto Islands. The airport is owned and operated by the Toronto Port Authority, and jointly governed by the TPA, the Government of Canada and the City of Toronto. Its IATA Airport Code is YTZ and ICAO code CYTZ.
Opened in 1939 as the Port George VI Airfield, it became generally known as the Island Airport. In 1994, the name was officially changed to the Toronto City Centre Airport.
The TCCA is used primarily for medical emergency flights (due to its proximity to downtown hospitals), commuter airlines (chiefly Air Canada Jazz), small charter flights, private aircraft, and flight training. There is a floatplane base adjacent to the main airport. Currently, some 120,000 flights land and take off from the airport each year, down from a historic high of 240,000 in the mid-1960s. About 100,000 passengers use the airport annually.
The airport is served by a ferry from the foot of Bathurst Street (at 121 metres, it is reputedly the world's shortest regular ferry route). Access to the airport from the rest of the Islands is restricted.
Since the late 1990s there has been great debate over the future of the airport, which has required constant financial assistance from the federal government. The Toronto Port Authority has called for either expansion of the airport to accommodate up to 900,000 passengers annually, or its closure. Expansion plans include the increased use of turboprop planes and the possibly introduction of regional jets to serve destinations such as New York City, Chicago, Detroit and Washington DC, as well as a 16-million dollar lift bridge to connect to the mainland. It is noteworthy that "expansion" is a misleading term, because none of the plans include enlarging airport runways or property.
Local activists, among them the lobby group Community AIR (Airport Impact Review), oppose the expansion on the grounds of increased air and noise pollution, as well as safety concerns. They claim that the increase in traffic will hamper recent government initiatives to rejuvenate the Toronto waterfront; proponents point to the expansion as a financial boost for the city's downtown.
In November 2003, David Miller was elected mayor of Toronto. One of his major election platforms was a halt of construction of a bridge to the TCCA and expansion of the airport.
- ICAO airport code: CYTZ
- IATA airport code: YTZ
- Runway 1 (08/26): 4,000 ft x 150 ft
- Runway 2 (06/24): 3,000 ft x 150 ft
- Runway 3 (15/33): 2,780 ft x 150 ft
- Coordinates: N43 37 39 W79 23 46 11W; UTC -5(4)
- Elevation: 251 ft
- Aeronautical Charts: VTA, A5000, F-21, LO6, T2, CAP
Runway 08 - AS(TE HI) P1: Runway Identification Lights, High intensity runway, threshold, & end lights, variable 5 settings, PAPI for aircraft with eye-to-wheel height up to 10 feet. Runway 26 - AS(TE HI) AP
- ATIS 133.6, Automatic Terminal Information Service
- Ground 121.7, 06:45 to 22:45 hrs. local, daily
- Tower City 118.2, 119.2, 226.5, 06:45 to 22:45 hrs. local
- Emergency Frequency 121.5.
- ATF Aerodrome Traffic Frequency, traffic 118.2, 22:45 to 06:45 hrs local, daily, within Control Zone TO BELOW 2500 ASL
- Arrival Toronto 133.4, 358.1
- Departure Toronto 133.4, 363.8
- VDF 118.2, 119.2, 121.7 limited hours, VHF Direction Finder.
- Emergency Frequency 121.5
- VOT 110.4, VOR receiver test facility
- NDB GIBRALTAR POINT TZ 257 (NDB power output less than 50 watts)
- DME ITZ 110.15 Ch38(Y) N43 37 38 W79 23 58 (antenna elevation 296ft ASL) at aerodrome
- ITZ ILS, XTC Localizer
- ITZ DME unmonitored when tower closed
- ILS ITZ 110.15 Ch 38(Y), RVR
- LOC XTC 110.15
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