Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Townlet is an attempt to translate the Russian term posyolok gorodskogo tipa (посёлок городского типа) or the similar Ukrainian selyshche mis'koho typu (селище міського типу)—literally "urban-type settlement". A townlet was one of the results of Soviet urban design, a locality intermediate in character and status between towns and villages. The classification is still used in former USSR countries like the Ukraine or Russia.
In size a townlet is similar to a village, however its infrastructure is urban. Usually it is centered around at least a single industry. One of the defining features of a townlet in the former USSR was economic independence from agriculture.
According to the Great Soviet Encyclopedia, three main types of localites were included under the description P.G.T.:
- Workers' settlement: a locality with factories, mining industry, power stations, construction industry, with a maximum of 3,000 inhabitants.
- Health resort: a locality with a focus on sanatarium and health facilities.
- Dacha locality: settlement with a focus on private recreation at summer and on weekends with agricultural activities not more than 25%.
- a locality of under 2,000 inhabitants, consisting of at least ⅔ workers or employees or their families
- with industrial enterprises, buildings, and a railroad connection
- localities with educational or research institutions,
- with sanatoriums or recreational institutions
In exceptional cases, even localities of 500 to 2,000 inhabitants could attain townlet status, if they had economic development potential.
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