Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Trans-Tasman Travel Arrangement
The arrangement was announced on February 4 1973 and came into effect soon after. Although the exact arrangements have been varied from time to time the arrangement still allows citizens of Australia or New Zealand to live in each others nations indefinitely and to take on any work not involving national security.
As a result of a generally higher standard of living in Australia far more New Zealand citizens move to Australia than the other way around.
Originally New Zealand citizens arriving in Australia were entitled to unemployment benefits immediately on arrival. During the 1980s and 1990s this became a hotly debated political issue. Starting in 1986 New Zealand citizens were required to be resident in Australia for 6 months before receiving benefits.
In 2001 legislation was enacted in Australia to further clarify the entry of New Zealand citizens. No longer did New Zealand citizens obtain permanent resident status on arrival, but were now granted a Special Category Visa and had to be resident for 2 years before being entitled to unemployment benenfits. While this still allowed the freedom to live and work in Australia it restricted access to certain privileges of Australian Permanent Residence.
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