Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Alexander Dennis (formerly known as TransBus International) is one of the Britain's largest bus builder. Majority of them is owned by the Mayflower Group Transbus produced a variety of buses and utility vehicles. Transbus was formed after the merger of Mayflower owned Walter Alexander Coachbuilders and Dennis Chassis , both based in the UK and Henlys owned Plaxton.
At the height of Transbus the company was producing a range of both bus & coach chassis and bodies as well as fire engines and dustbin (trash) lorries. Including among its range of chassis were the Dennis Dart, one of the all time best selling buses in the UK and the Dennis Trident including export variants in service in Las Vegas and Hong Kong among other places. The Dennis Trident is also the most numerous bus in service in London. Since the creation of Transbus merged both Plaxton and Alexander the Transbus range including Plaxton coaches as well as two double decker bodies (the Plaxton President and the Alexander ALX 400 ), the Alexander ALX 300 citybus and the Pointer body build in quantity on the aforementioned Dennis Dart chassis which replaced the Alexander ALX 200 body built previously on a Dart chassis.
Transbus had a variety of factories around the UK from all three companies it took over. It owned the former Alexander factories at Falkirk, Scotland and Belfast, Northern Ireland. The former Plaxton factories at (all in England) Anston, Scarborough and the former Northern Counties factory at Wigan. It also owned the Dennis factory at Guildford.
Unfortuanately in early 2004 the Mayflower Group was put into administration and be default Transbus also entered administration. The Plaxton coach business was sold to its management and returned to its separate Plaxton identity (Transbus had been in the process of irradicating the traditional companies names from the vehicles). Alexander and Dennis were bought by independent business men (one of which was Brian Souter owner of Stagecoach although kept separate from the bus and train operation). The new company thus became Alexander Dennis and a return to those traditional names is planned. Unfortuanately the sale did not include the former Alexander Belfast plant which has already closed down.
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