Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Transportation in Russia
total: 150,000 km; note - 87,000 km in common carrier service; 63,000 km serve specific industries and are not available for common carrier use
broad gauge (1520 mm): 150,000 km (January 1997 est.)
Russian, CIS and Baltic Railway Map (with place names in Russian, but legend in English).
Cities with metro systems:
- Northwestern Federal District: St. Petersburg.
- Central Federal District: Moscow.
- Southern Federal District: none.
- Privolzhsky (Volga) Federal District: Nizhny Novgorod, Samara; under construction: Kazan.
- Urals Federal District: Yekaterinburg, Chelyabinsk.
- Siberian Federal District: Omsk, Novosibirsk; under construction: Krasnoyarsk.
- Far Eastern Federal District: none.
total: 948,000 km (including 416,000 km which serve specific industries or farms and are not maintained by governmental highway maintenance departments)
paved: 336,000 km
unpaved: 612,000 km (including 411,000 km of graveled or some other form of surfacing and 201,000 km of unstabilized earth) (1995 est.)
Waterways: total navigable routes in general use 101,000 km; routes with navigation guides serving the Russian River Fleet 95,900 km; routes with night navigational aids 60,400 km; man-made navigable routes 16,900 km (January 1994 est.)
Pipelines: crude oil 48,000 km; petroleum products 15,000 km; natural gas 140,000 km (June 1993 est.)
Ports and harbors: Arkhangel'sk, Astrakhan', Baltiysk, Kaliningrad, Kazan, Khabarovsk, Kholmsk , Krasnoyarsk, Moscow, Murmansk, Nakhodka, Nevelsk , Novorossiysk, Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, St. Petersburg, Rostov, Sochi, Tuapse, Vladivostok, Volgograd, Vostochny , Vyborg
total: 695 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 3,920,923 GRT/4,867,676 DWT
ships by type: barge carrier 1, bulk 19, cargo 379, chemical tanker 4, combination bulk 21, combination ore/oil 3, container 25, multi-functional large load carrier 1, passenger 35, passenger/cargo 3, petroleum tanker 149, refrigerated cargo 26, roll-on/roll-off 22, short-sea passenger 7 (1999 est.)
Airports: 2,743 (2002)
Airports with paved runways:
over 3,047 m: 54
2,438 to 3,047 m: 202
1,524 to 2,437 m: 108
914 to 1,523 m: 115
under 914 m: 151 (1994 est.)
Airports with unpaved runways:
over 3,047 m: 25
2,438 to 3,047 m: 45
1,524 to 2,437 m: 134
914 to 1,523 m: 291
under 914 m: 1,392 (1994 est.)
- See also : Russia
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