Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Tufts University is a university located in Medford, Massachusetts (near Boston). In 1852, Charles Tufts founded Tufts College, and donated the land for the campus on Walnut Hill, the highest point in Medford. Tufts said that he wanted to set a "light on the hill." Originally affiliated with the Universalist Church, Tufts is now non-sectarian. The name changed to "Tufts University" in 1954, although the corporate name remains "the Trustees of Tufts College."
Tufts University is recognized among the premier universities in the United States. Tufts also enjoys a global reputation for academic excellence and for the preparation of students as leaders in a wide range of professions. A Research I university, Tufts has extensive and highly regarded liberal arts, sciences, and engineering programs that draw outstanding students from around the world with the highest academic achievement and standing.
More than 98 percent of enrolling students expect to pursue graduate or professional study. Approximately 40 percent of all undergraduates attending Tufts pursue course work outside the United States to add a strong international dimension to their field of study, and the university's language studies are both popular and rigorous. Tufts balances teaching with research, and students are encouraged to develop strong analytical skills. A growing number of innovative research initiatives and joint degree programs are available for both undergraduate and graduate students in liberal arts, sciences, and engineering and the university's seven graduate and professional schools, including:
- Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine at Tufts University (the only one in New England), with signature programs in international veterinary medicine, equine sports medicine, wildlife medicine, veterinary medicine ethics and values, and biotechnology.
- The distinguished Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, America's oldest graduate school for international relations.
- The globally renowned Gerald J. and Dorothy R. Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy with the USDA Human Nutrition Research Center focused on the impact of nutrition on healthy aging
- An internationally affiliated School of Dental Medicine that trains dentists as expert clinicians with strong biomedical backgrounds
- The School of Medicine and Sackler School of Graduate Biomedical Sciences, which have clinical affiliations with thousands of doctors and researchers in the U.S. and around the world, as well as at its affiliated hospitals in Massachusetts (including New England Medical Center and Bay State Hospital ). According to Science Watch , Tufts University Medical School rates sixth among U.S medical schools for the impact of its medical research.
As of 2003, Tufts University enrolls nearly 9,000 full-time students on three campuses. The Medford/Somerville campus is the main campus, home to the School of Arts and Sciences (including the College of Liberal Arts and Jackson College, the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, and the Summer Session); the School of Engineering; and the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy. The School of Arts and Sciences and the School of Engineering, the only divisions of the university that award both undergraduate and graduate degrees, form the Faculty of Arts, Sciences, and Engineering.
The Boston campus emphasizes medical and life sciences, with the School of Medicine; the Sackler School of Graduate Biomedical Sciences; the School of Dental Medicine; the Gerald J. and Dorothy R. Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy; and the USDA Jean Mayer Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging. At the Grafton campus west of Boston, Tufts runs the only veterinary school in New England.
Summer programs in Europe are coordinated through a satellite campus in Talloires, France. Tufts has dual degree programs with the School of the Museum of Fine Arts and the New England Conservatory of Music. Some of the strongest areas at Tufts include Economics and International Relations. Tufts has a significant amount of international students (roughly 10%) and a large Jewish population (roughly 25%).
In 1910, the Jackson College for Women was established as a "coordinate" college adjacent to the Tufts campus. Jackson College was later integrated with Tufts College, but is recognized in the name of the undergraduate arts and sciences division, the "College of Liberal Arts and Jackson College." The campus land that was Jackson College is in the city of Somerville.
Tufts University's mission embraces teaching, research, and public service in the United States and around the world. Every year Tufts graduates physicians, diplomats, dentists, veterinarians, entrepreneurs, teachers, engineers, researchers, scientists, and liberal arts professionals who will be leaders in their chosen fields and who believe it is their responsibility to contribute to the advancement of humanity and to the improvement of today's global community and environment.
Tufts believes its focus on its students and the profession of teaching leads to its agile and responsive research efforts and a record of achievement that earned Tufts its Research I rating from the Carnegie Commission , placing it among only thirty-eight private institutions so recognized, and its rank as one of the top universities in the United States by U.S. News & World Report.
The Tufts school mascot is Jumbo the elephant, in honor of a major donation from circus owner P.T. Barnum in 1882. The stuffed remains of Barnum's Jumbo the elephant were on display in the basement of Barnum Hall, until the building burned down in 1974. Currently a plaster-statue likeness of Jumbo resides on the academic quad.
A Light on the Hill Award has been established to annually recognize distinguished Tufts alumni. Recent recipients have been Nick Birnback, Bill Richardson, and Rob Burnett.
Every year, right before the reading period preceding winter exams, there is a Naked Quad Run. It involves several hundred variously intoxicated students getting naked and running around the quad for perhaps a half-hour. The run has been held for many years now, although the 2002 run generated some controversy and fears of its end when several students were injured and President Bacow publicly denounced it. In 2003 the administration worked to ensure the safety of the event.
Right before the reading period preceding spring exams, there is also the annual Spring Fling. This event is always quite expensive (in the tens of thousands of dollars) and many bands are invited to play for the student body outside, free of charge. There was much disappointment when the 2003 show was unceremoniously canceled because of rain. In 2004, The Roots, Less Than Jake, and several other bands made an appearance.
Presidents of the university:
- Reverend Hosea Ballou II (1853–1861)
- Reverend Alonzo Ames Miner (1862–1875)
- Reverend Elmer Hewitt Capen (1875–1905)
- Reverend Frederick W. Hamilton (1905–1912)
- William Leslie Hooper (1912–1914)
- Hermon Carey Bumpus (1914–1919)
- John Albert Cousens (1919–1937)
- Leonard Carmichael (1938–1952)
- Nils Vngve Wessell (1953–1966)
- Burton Crosby Hallowell (1967–1976)
- Jean Mayer (1976–1992)
- John DiBaggio (1992–2001)
- Lawrence S. Bacow (2001–present)
Notable Tufts alumni
- Jeb Bradley, Republican member of the United States House of Representatives since 2003
- James B. Foley , diplomat, U.S. Ambassador to Haiti
- Wolfgang F. Ischinger , diplomat, German Ambassador to the U.S.
- General Joseph P. Hoar, former commander-in-chief of United States Central Command
- Costas Karamanlis, politician, Greek prime minister
- Daniel Patrick Moynihan, a four-term U.S. Senator, ambassador, administration official, and academic.
- Anson Chan Fang On-sang (陳方安生) , politician, formerly a prominent and long-standing head of Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR)'s civil service before and after the territory's handover to the People's Republic of China from British colonial rule. She is both the first woman and the first Chinese to hold the second-highest governmental position in Hong Kong.
- John Olver, Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives since 1991
- Frank Pallone, Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives since 1988
- Bill Richardson, politician, former ambassador to the United Nations, governor of New Mexico
- Simon Rosenberg, founder of the New Democrat Network, running for chair of the DNC
- John G. Sargent, lawyer and statesman, Attorney General of the United States from 1925 to 1929
- Surakiart Sathirathai, the Foreign Minister of Thailand
Entrepreneurs and business leaders
- Peter R. Dolan, CEO Bristol-Myers Squibb
- Richard Hill, retired chairman Fleet Bank Boston
- Joseph Neubauer, CEO Aramark Corporation
- Pierre and Pamela Omidyar , billionaire founders of Ebay
- Jonathan Tisch , chairman and CEO of Loews Hotels
- Walter Wriston , retired chairman and CEO of Citicorp/Citibank from 1967 to 1984
- Edson Zvobgo, founder of Zimbabwe's ruling party Zanu-PF, post-independence politician
- Andrew Fastow, ex-Enron CFO
- Arthur Sulzberger , Publisher of New York Times
- Seamus Blackley, game developer, co-creator of Microsoft's Xbox
- Meg Hourihan, co-founder of Blogger creators Pyra Labs
Actors, film, and media
- Hank Azaria, actor
- Jessica Biel (transferred), actress, 7th Heaven, The Texas Chainsaw Massacre
- Tracy Chapman, musician
- Dan Hedaya, actor, Blood Simple, The Addams Family Movie , The Usual Suspects, Clueless, Dick
- Peter Gallagher, actor, Mr. Deeds, American Beauty, Broadway production Grease, The O.C.
- William Hurt, actor, The Big Chill, Kiss of the Spider Woman (winning the Academy Award for Best Actor)
- Guster, musicians
- Oliver Platt, actor
- Meredith Vieira, TV host
- Rob Burnett , Executive Producer of Late Night with David Letterman
Literature and arts
- Cid Corman, poet, translator and editor who was a key figure in the history of American poetry in the second half of the 20th century.
- John Ciardi, was an poet, translator, and etymologist
- Norbert Wiener, was a mathematician, known as the founder of cybernetics
- Nathanael West (dropped out), writer
- Gregory Maguire, writer, "Wicked."
- Vannevar Bush, scientist
- Eugene Fama, economist particularly known for his work on portfolio theory and asset pricing , both theoretical and empirical.
- Roderick MacKinnon, 2003 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
- Ellery Schempp, physicist and political activist
- Jennifer Toomey , athlete
The athletics program at Tufts fulfills many needs. In keeping with its support of interdisciplinary studies, Tufts encourages the integration of both physical and intellectual pursuits. Tufts provides an opportunity for its scholar athletes to develop with the guidance and support of an outstanding professional staff.
Varsity intercollegiate athletics
Tufts is a member of the Division III National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) and the New England Small College Athletic Conference (NESCAC). Tufts distinguishes itself from other Division III schools by competing against some Division I teams from Boston College, Brown, Dartmouth, Harvard, and Princeton. Tufts, like other Division III schools, does not offer athletic scholarships. The sailing team alone is part of Division I at Tufts.
Varsity sports are:
- Baseball (men)
- Lacrosse (men, women)
- Basketball (men, women)
- Lightweight crew (women)
- Crew (men, women)
- Outdoor track and field (men, women)
- Cross country (men, women)
- Sailing (coed, women)
- Fencing (Women)
- Soccer (men, women)
- Field hockey (women)
- Softball (women)
- Football (men)
- Squash (men, women)
- Golf (men)
- Swimming and diving (men, women)
- Ice hockey (men)
- Tennis (men, women)
- Indoor track and field (men, women)
- Volleyball (women)
Intramural sports provide the opportunity to play without the time commitment that intercollegiate or club sports require. The number of intramural sports offered is based on the amount of student involvement. Dormitories and fraternities organize intramural teams, and groups of friends with a common athletic interest often join together to form an intramural team. All members of winning teams receive Champion t-shirts.
For at least the last decade, the most important source of news and information at Tufts has been The Tufts Daily. Also influential are the campus' journal of conservative thought, The Primary Source, The Tufts Observer, a general newsmagazine and The Zamboni a humor magazine.
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