Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Turiec is the name of:
Turiec (-Slovak, in Latin: Thurotzium, comitatus Thurociensis, in German: Turz, in Hungarian: Turóc) is the name of a historic administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. Its territory is presently in north-western Slovakia, where it is only an informal designation of the corresponding territory.
Turiec county shared borders with the Hungarian counties Nyitra (Nitra), Trencsén (Trenčín), Árva (Orava), Liptó (Liptov), Zólyom (Zvolen) and Bars (Tekov). Situated between the Malá Fatra and Veľká Fatra Mountains. The river Turiec flowed through the county. Its area was 1123 km² around 1910.
The capitals of Turiec county were the Sklabiňa Castle and Martin, since 1772 only Martin.
Turiec county as a Hungarian comitatus arose before the 15th century. In 1918 (confirmed by the Treaty of Trianon 1920), Turiec county became part of newly formed Czechoslovakia. During World War II, when Czechoslovakia was split temporarily, Turiec was part of independent Slovakia. After World War II Turiec county was in Czechoslovakia again. In 1993, Czechoslovakia was split and Turiec became part of Slovakia.
In the early 20th century, the districts and their capitals were:
- Martin (Hungarian: Turócszentmárton)
- Turčianske Teplice (Hungarian: Stubnyafürdő)
The contents of this article is licensed from www.wikipedia.org under the GNU Free Documentation License. Click here to see the transparent copy and copyright details